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Nursing - Assignment Example

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The contemporary society is characterized by various genetic disorders that pose risks to the longevity of life. Genetic screening is undertaken for the…
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Genetic Screening Genetic screening is a modern and a sophisticated medical technique, used for thepurpose of detecting genetic disorders. The contemporary society is characterized by various genetic disorders that pose risks to the longevity of life. Genetic screening is undertaken for the basic purposes of taking care of ill patients and preventing the occurrence of diseases (Fletcher, 2001). In the process of genetic screening, information to do with reproductive health is obtained. This information is important in aiding medical research and facilitating medical planning for future developments in the health sector. Mandatory genetic screening already in place has been characterized by several human risks. In this regard, if everyone was required to have a complete genetic screening, there are legal and ethical issues to consider.
On ethical basis, genetic screening should be undertaken on voluntary basis. Making the screening mandatory is a positive move for the health sector. However, personal consent to such procedures is important. As much as health experts pursue beneficial health measures for the society, it is up to the society to decide what to take and what to leave. Specifically, personal choice should be respected. Individual choices in matters pertaining to child-rearing can be greatly influenced by making genetic screening compulsory to everyone. Respect for individual choice is lost in the process. On the same note, intense public education is required to create awareness for the purposes of compulsory screening. This however does not imply fully compliance because forced screening will interfere with personal choice and constitute uninformed decision making across everyone involved.
Legal issues have also emerged in this context. Legal liability in the context of malpractice litigation seems to be headed for the climax with the adoption of forced genetic screening on everyone (Fletcher, 2001). The observed scenario likely fosters high quality medical care and implies a disappointment free health care to both patients and health practitioners. Such a program requires proper legal frameworks in order to be rendered fully operational. On the same note, the program should fully outline and describe procedure for informed consent. Given this factor, the legal process is likely to be challenged because not all patients are likely to consent to the program. The information that the forced screening would gather is critical to the society. The health sector can assign specific departments to handle the information obtained if such a program that requires everyone to undertake genetic screening goes through.
Reference
Fletcher, J. (2001). Ethical issues in genetic screening and antenatal diagnosis. Clinical
Obstetrics and Gynecology 24(4): 1151-1169. Read More
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