Focus on Dyslexia as a Case Study Introduction This paper discusses the learning disability, Dyslexia, which is regarded as one of the most predominant disabilities affecting individuals’ ability to read. Since reading is crucial in schooling, the academic performance of the dyslexic student may be at risk…
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It will also discuss government and private citizens’ efforts in supporting individuals with Dyslexia. What is Dyslexia? Dyslexia is a learning disability related to an individual’s difficulty in obtaining skills in reading, writing and spelling (Special Needs Support Pages, 1999). It affects the development of literacy and language related skills (British Dyslexia Association, 2009). It is one disorder that is neurological in origin (International Dyslexia Association: Lyon et al., 2003). It is a permanent condition, however, it can be managed. For example, children with dyslexia have difficulty in spelling words. One way to overcome this is for them to view pictures of words in their minds because this helps them to retain the words and spell them out better (Morton, 2004). Although dyslexic children manifest difficulties in reading and writing words, they are often bright, creative and talented. Some of their strengths may include mechanical aptitude; artistic ability; musical gifts; athletic prowess; advanced social skills; and talents in computer/technology, science, and math (Yoshimoto, 2000). Concern for children with disabilities has already spread in the UK from the 1970’s thanks to some advocates such as Mary Warnock who raised the issues on helping children with special education needs (SEN). The Warnock Report in the year 1978 was developed to appraise the provision for children with psychological as well as physical disabilities. The report had sponsored ranges of special needs for children. It paved the way for the “Education Act” which was imposed in the year 1983. This act presented different methods to the description of children with SEN. It advocated that these children should be able to obtain the educational support from tutors in the classroom such as the provision of extra time and assistance compared to other students (Sturt, 2002). In 1996 the law on SEN stated that: “A child has special educational needs (SEN) if he or she has a learning difficulty which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her” (Education Act, 1996, Section 312). This act mandates local education authorities (LEA) to offer resources in order to recognise and support specific learning problems in children. LEAs were imposed with additional tasks to make an evaluation of children in their disability area (Pumfrey & Reason, 1991). SEN Code of Practice (2001) is the government guidance on meeting the SEN of children with disabilities. Its principles include that children with special needs should have their needs met and that children will normally have their needs met in a mainstream school. With the Special Education Needs Code of Practice (2001), Dyslexia falls under the Communication and Interaction area of need. This area includes learners with speech and language difficulties, impairments and disorders. Children with SEN should have full access to a broad, balanced and relevant curriculum, including the National Curriculum or, for younger children, the foundation stage curriculum. The children’s views should be taken into account and their parents should be treated as partners of the school (ACE, 2011). Much of what has been described are components of inclusive education. The Education Act of 2010 focuses on supporting inclusion and incorporation of dyslexic children rather than separation and segregation in the school. Inclusive education has evolved towards the idea that all children despite their
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(Learning Difficulties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Learning Difficulties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1492979-learning-difficulties.
According to the paper Inclusive education primarily refers to the integration of students with disabilities in the mainstream educational institutions. Many scholars believe that inclusive education is the right of all children with special needs whereas many believe that inclusive education results in the lower quality education for the students with SEN. Inclusive education has been advocated by UNESCO and major countries such as USA, Canada, and Britain among others.
This research project therefore looks towards instructional reforms along the correlation between Literacy instruction not only in improving literacy in general, but also in alleviating the lack of self-esteem in learners. It attempts to establish the necessarily co-dependent nature of elevating a student’s self esteem while raising their literacy levels during a Wave 3 intervention activity.
Mathematical disabilities, commonly referred to as dyscalculia is the result of a debilitating lack of skill in one or many areas, pertaining to the domain of mathematics. A thorough mastery of the basic skills of mathematics is necessary as it serves as the foundation of future learning.
This new outlook began to surface with The 1978 Warnock Report; it stated that children should not be labelled by their handicap. It introduced the term 'special educational needs' and 'specific learning difficulties'. It stated that the vast majority of children benefit from mainstream education, but children with specific learning difficulties had a specific problem that had to be treated in an individual way.
Psychological and behavioral studies, however, warn against relying on signs and folk beliefs in detecting learning difficulties. If these patently unscientific methods are made as basis of instructional programs, it will create more harm than good. Thus, many state laws today compel the education sector to use systematic methods of assessment that would measure possible obstacles to learning with more confidence and accuracy.
There are different kinds of children who can be identified with learning difficulty - those who have physical disability, sensory impairments, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, or intellectual disability. Specific learning difficulties can also be in the form of language, reading, writing or numerical (mathematical) difficulties.
The application of ideas associated with the social psychology of prejudice model of disability to the situation of people with learning difficulties has the potential to be an empowering and energising development. Only the realization of the fact that prejudice towards people with learning disabilities exits can help to eliminate the prejudice and discrimination towards people with learning disabilities to lifelong isolation and unemployment.
The application of ideas associated with the social psychology of prejudice model of disability to the situation of people with learning difficulties has the potential to be an empowering and energising development. Only the
The purpose of this study is to create a virtual world where the individual could practice real world skills with the assistance of a trainer or expert agents, who could intervene as needed. These interactions include tasks, such as crossing the street. The user could advance to additional levels and phases upon successful completion of the previous phase.
Likewise it is also important to distinguish these learning disabilities from learning difficulties because the diagnosis will determine the corrective teaching methods used. The purpose of this research is therefore to compare and contrast dyslexia and
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