Nobody downloaded yet

How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Self-handicapping is said to have been considered in a general manner nevertheless,lately, it has been more closely studied in relation to academic settings.This is quite an important research because it could help students in their future activities as adults…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.4% of users find it useful
How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping"

Download file to see previous pages The matter has caused so much attention from psychologists because of its perceived importance in helping create better responses from students and employees alike. Therefore, there have been much studies conducted to further understand the implications of self-handicapping in schools. In addition, more studies are being employed to consider more variables such as culture, setting and other factors. As more researches have been conducted, proven and accepted regarding the matter on the factors such as age, gender and self-perception, this paper will deal particularly on the aforementioned three components affecting self-handicaps in addition to the definition of the term. This paper will show how age affects self-handicapping. In addition, it will also show that women have been found to be more resilient and therefore able to escape self-handicapping more than men. Lastly, the paper will also look deeper into how self-perception affects the tendency of self-handicapping. First and foremost, it is the aim of this paper to expound on what self-handicap is all about. According to McCrea and Flamm (2011), self-handicapping is “an anticipatory self-protective strategy in which individuals create or claim obstacles to success prior to an important performance to excuse potential failure”. ...
Understandably, individuals tend to take pride in themselves regardless of their abilities and capabilities so that they would want to be appreciated most of the time especially when they perform well. Nevertheless, failure is inevitable even to the best of the best. However, there is such a circumstance that most people resort to in order to escape the embarrassment of failure and it is called self-handicapping. Leondari and Gonida (2007) summarize the definition of term saying, “it involves creating obstacles to successful performance on tasks that the individual considers important”. Such obstacles are influenced by factors such as age, gender and self-perception. Just like in many circumstances, age makes a difference in how people react. In the case of self-handicapping, it has been found out that younger children are less inclined to self-handicap compared to older children. According to a study performed on a population of 702 students in Greece, there is no significant difference in self-handicapping among the elementary and high school students involved in the experiment. Initially, the researchers assumed that high school students will use self-handicapping strategies more than elementary students because the “high school environment is more competitive and places more emphasis on performance demands” (Leondari & Gonida, 2007). Nevertheless, their study proved the supposition wrong. What the researchers have found though was that, task goals significantly affected the result of self-handicapping strategies. This means that task goals are more of a motivation to one’s accomplishment in relation to age rather than age alone as a factor influencing self-handicapping. From the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping Essay”, n.d.)
How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping Essay. Retrieved from
(How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping Essay)
How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping Essay.
“How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping

Stereotypes and African American Self Perception

...preferences and interests for experiences from non-minority group lifestyles (Cross, 1994). Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI) Another notable theory is the Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI). This model focuses on the individual's feelings and perceptions about race (Sellers, Smith,, 1998). The MMRI takes the phenomenological approach to the study of racial identity by providing a framework for assessing how African American as individuals perceive the meaning and significance of race in their lives (Shelton and Sellers, 2000). Sellers, Chavous and Cooke (1998) suggest that the MMRI specifically addresses “(a) the significance of race in the individual's...
23 Pages(5750 words)Essay

Perception Of Nurses Regarding Self-Harming Patients

..., focuses on type of wrong attitudes reflected by the nurses while endeavouring to treat such patients while also throwing light on the factors behind the same. Further the need and the use of training to change the perception and understanding level of nurses is reflected in the paper both theoretically and statistically. Effective recommendations are also rendered in places. Introduction Self-harming is taken up by individuals to seek the help of others in assisting them to counter the growing psychic and internal pain from which they are suffering from. It is also taken up by people in sense of utter desperation and frustration so as to affect the parties inferred by the person as the...
15 Pages(3750 words)Literature review

Self-Disclosure, Gender, and Communication

...? and number Self-Disclosure, Gender and Communication submitted Self-Disclosure, Gender and Communication The article written by Schoenberg (2011) entitled “Can we talk? Researcher talks about the role of communication in marriages” and published in the Houston Chronicle presented issues pertinent to the crucial role of communication in marriages. The author cited the findings of Terri Orbuch, “ a research scientist at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan who has studied 373 married couples for more than 20 years” (Schoenberg, 2011), as indicating that the consistency and quality of communication are more relevant in long term successful...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Common Biases in Self-perception greater achievements. Little is known about the factors that control one’s self-perceptions regarding one’s skills and talents. If the sense of distinction between the right and wrong responses to a certain challenge at hand is inculcated in the people, they might in turn develop the skill of producing the right responses. There is a whole range of factors that affect the cognitive processes involved in self-other rating. “[P]ersons who are defined as "sensing types" on the MyersBriggs Type Indicator (MBTI) tend to be databased in their judgments of self and others, whereas "intuitives" rely much less on data” (Yammarino and Atwater, 1997, p. 39)....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

How advertising has changed the perception of womens self-esteem

...How advertising has changed the perception of women’s self esteem The excessive emphasis on the virtues of a "perfect body" and its association with a positive self-image, as advocated by popular media has largely contributed to the rapid growth of the cosmetics industry in the western society. The aggressive marketing campaigns promoting a certain image of women with near perfect physical attributes altered through the use of high-end cosmetic brands as well as altered through corrective surgeries has significantly influenced the perception of beauty, as endorsed by contemporary society. The same has however led to a serious alteration in women’s...
37 Pages(9250 words)Essay

Stereotypes and African Americans self-perception

...). Self-perception: An alternative interpretation of Cognitive Dissonance Phenomena. Psychological Review, 74, 183-200. Bem, D. J. (1972). Self-perception theory. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 6, pp. 1-62). New York: Academic Press. Bennett under fire for remarks on blacks, crime. (2005). Retrieved from 2005-09-30/politics/bennett.comments_1_crime-rate-morally-reprehensible-thing-black- baby?_s=PM:POLITICS Berger, P.L. & Luckmann, T. (1967). Social construction theory. Harpswell, ME: Anchor Publishing. Bethune, M.M. (1994). Winning political equality. Alexander, VA.: Time Life Books. Borg, W.R. &...
19 Pages(4750 words)Essay

Self-Disclosure, Gender, and Communication

...Self-Disclosure, Gender, and Communication Self-Disclosure, Gender, and Communication Self-Disclosure is the ability of oneself to open up to another person and express their emotions, thoughts and also share personal information. For example, two people who have recently met and are willing to start a relationship, either for friendship or intimacy purposes, must frequently disclose personal information to each other for them to know each other better. Gender is used to differentiate between male and female with reference to their assigned roles, either socially or in terms of behavior. Communication is when an individual transfer information to another person. This can be done verbally, writing and even sign language. As long... and a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Self-Disclosure, Gender, and Communication satisfaction in relationships? Why or why not?  Yes, but not too soon. I am answering this from a perspective of a single person. Self-disclosure is a liberating and in deepens a relationship but it should be done with timing and caution. Revealing too much too soon may scare the other party. Self-disclosure is appropriate when a certain degree of intimacy and length of being together has already been established. 3. What about gender differences? Remember, although research has found differences in gender communication, it has also found similarities. What kind of similarities between genders have you experienced?  I agree that each...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Self-perception and Attitude

...Attitude Formation/ Self-perception and Attitude Cognitive Dissonance I have always believed that smoking is something which is not only socially unacceptable, but also is detrimental for a person’s health. However owing to some mishaps in life, last year I started smoking on regular basis. Every time I lighted a cigarette, I waged a war with my beliefs. This resulted in a lot of frustration and disgust. However, to deal with these negative feelings, I either had to change my habit or change my beliefs. With the help of therapy sessions, I was able to overcome the anger and frustration and thus, left smoking for good (Greenwald & Ronis, 1978). Physical Punishment vs. Positive Reinforcement When teachers...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Self-Disclosure Gender and Communication

... Self-Disclosure, Gender, and Communication In an article titled “Can we talk?” it is evident that high rates of self-disclosure result in increased rates of marital satisfaction. This is the message that Nara Schoenberg, the author of the article, puts across to her readers. Written in January 2011, Schoenberg’s article focuses on a subject that most couples may choose to ignore. The purpose of the article is to show that there are issues of communication among couples and that communication is the key to smooth relationships or happy marriages. Schoenberg (2011) argues that communication without self-disclosure in a relationship is not the key to a happy marriage because the people involved do not get to know each other... her fears,...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping for FREE!

Contact Us