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Literature Review - Research Paper Example

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How Does Parental Engagement Influence A Child's Academic Achievement? Name: Institution How Does Parental Engagement Influence A Child's Academic Achievement? Parents play a crucial role in the academic development of their children. This is because after birth, parents spend the most time with their children…
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Literature Review
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Download file to see previous pages According to Goodall, Vorhaus and Carpentieri (2011), parents are responsible of participating in early childhood education. Even after a child begins attending school, it is vital to note that, they spend only 15 percent of their time in school. Though the school and its environment are vital factors in the academic development of children, different studies support the idea that parents have a crucial role in influencing academic achievement (Emerson, Fear, Josh, Stacey & Sanders 2012) The North Carolina State University (2010) found that parental involvement entails activities such as attending school meetings, checking on the progress and completion of homework, attending school events and discussing academic activities with their children at home (Goodall et al, 2011). Sciarra (2004) suggests that parents should create opportunities and appropriate environments for the academic achievement of their children (Sciarra 49). Parents need to remove disruptions such as noise, excessive films and television and the invitation of friends during home studying hours. The home and learning environment need to be favorable for the learning of the child. The learning environment coupled with parental involvement boost the learning process of children. ...
s found that parental involvement had positive effects on the academic outcome of a child, while some researchers found that parental involvement had negative effects to the educational outcomes of a child (Sciarra 72). Studies that found negative impacts of parental engagement implied that parental engagement diminished the academic achievement of a child. These inconsistencies can be explained on different grounds. It is vital to note that different researchers have different definitions of the term parental engagement. Some of the researchers considered parental engagement as good parenting while other researchers considered parental engagement as the formation of favorable relationships between parents and teachers (Desforges and Abouchaar, 2003). Early studies showed positive links between parental engagement in the academic activities of their children and their children’s academic progress. Taken collectively, it is possible to establish that parental involvement through the creation of interests in the academic affairs of a child has positive effects on the child’s academic achievement and behavior. A different study published by the Review of Economics and Statistics found that parent efforts in activities such as meeting with teachers and reading stories aloud to their children immensely impact on the educational achievement of children (Hiatt-Michael, 2005). This means that parental involvement has a bigger impact on academic achievement than the effort expended by teachers (Desforges and Abouchaar, 2003). The study also stated that schools would have to increase their budget by $1,000 in case parents take a backseat in the academic activities of their children. This means that the impact of parent involvement in the academic activities of their children ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Literature review

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