Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Exploring and learning - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
APPROACHES TO LEARNING NAME: INSTRUCTOR: DATE: APPROACHES TO LEARNING Learning involves the process of interaction with the world. One after or in the process of learning sees the world differently which results in conceptual change. In the same process, knowledge is created through the learning activities of a learner as well as the approach they take…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Exploring and learning
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Exploring and learning"

Download file to see previous pages There are also some students who take a strategic approach, where they intend to maximize their chances of getting high marks. In today’s intellectual world, the three approaches of learning namely; deep, surface and strategic have become very popular. The surfacing issue therefore emerges on which of the three learning approaches is the most effective. This raises a very highly debatable issue. While some learners adopt a deep approach as noted by Morgan (1993), others prefer a surface approach when engaging in their studies. This paper seeks to critically analyze the three approaches of learning; deep, surface and strategic. Further, it will seek to examine how the chosen approach of learning affects the performance of a student. Marton and Saljo are the scholars behind the theory of deep and surface approaches to learning. They wrote a scholarly paper describing the varied manner in which learners approached learning in the academic sector. This studied was in the psychology department which at that time was quite unusual. This is because by default, they would have set up an artificial laboratory experiment for purposes of isolating one element from the other. Instead, Marton and Saljo sought to engage university students and their habitual behavior during learning. The students were required to read an article and thereafter answer questions based on the same. The study revealed that to some learners, the text was perceived as information with such discrete units meant to be memorized (Stanger-Hall, 2012, 294). The memorization was meant to help to answer the questions that would follow. The two scholars referred to this as the surface approach. On the other hand, some students perceived the text as one containing structured meaning. They were eager to discover the meaning of the article, its implications and the impact it had on them. They termed this as the deep approach. It follows that learners who engage in the deep approach had a better understanding of the article and were therefore able to answer a variety of question deciphered from it. In addition, they were in a better position to remember the content effectively compared to the others. Subsequent researches after this study have shown that there are different approaches to learning that students engage in while undertaking their academic tasks. A surface approach to learning can be defined as the result of low cognitive level engagement which yields to fragmented outcomes that do not translate to understanding or meaning. This process takes place when the learner takes in information ‘by heart’, but is in the least interested in engaging with the meaning of what s/he has taken. When taking this approach, the learner’s motive lies in only carrying out the task (Lauriland, 2003,47). This is due to some either positive or negative pressure/consequence. Negative in that if s/he fails, it is bound to affect his life in a not so pleasant way and positive in that if s/he passes, he will be favored by the teacher/instructor. Rote learning is a surface strategy whereby the learner focuses on what s/he perceives as the most important information and embarks on memorization of the same. Since the intention is as earlier noted to pass a test or exam, the learner finds not interconnections found in what is being learnt between meanings implications of the same. Surface learning is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Exploring and learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Exploring and Learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Exploring and Learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Exploring and learning

Organizational Analysis from the Perspectives of Organizational Learning, Psychodynamics, and Complexity Theories

Transform the vision into people and you have an organization.
Organizations are groups of people coming together for a certain purpose – whether it is dictated by blood, law, social affiliation, common interests or whatever reason that brings people together. What makes this “mix” of people rich is the variety of personal psychodynamics each member brings in. By Psychodynamics, I mean individual personalities, family dynamics, social network and other personal issues.

Although a group develops its own culture, as Wilfred Bion, a renowned psychoanalyst has thoroughly worked on, it is not immune to the surfacing of its members’ individual psychodynamics every so often. This usually creates te...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Web Presentation: Mobile Learning

The field of mobile learning rapidly increases during the 1990s and early 2000s. Aiming to reduce the illiteracy gap among the young citizens who are not succeeding in school, the European Commission has extended financial support with as much as €4.5m for a three-year pan-European research and development program form-learning.3
Over the years, the quality and efficiency of the Internet, as well as the emerging Information Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure, has improved a lot. The increase in the supply of mobile learning pieces of equipment eventually resulted in a decline in the costs of online learning experience throughout the private and government industries including institutions like schools, etc. Th...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Multimedia Learning Resources for the Net Generation

accordingly, they build up social networks to acquire needed know-how from peers and other contacts. Instant messaging, text messaging, and easy access to the information highway have grown to be the norm for social networking. Wireless communication for this generation is not so much technology as a staple of their young lives (Oblinger & Oblinger, 2005).
These students easily take for granted engaging multimedia settings with striking graphics and quality sound and expect comparable features in digital educational tools. Most have grown up with dynamic video games and multimedia entertainment and, by school age, almost all possess some personal experience of the marvels of technology (Tapscott, 1999). Besides offering a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Evaluation of the Course: Teaching and Learning Strategies

I will begin my evaluation with the objectives of the course, discuss a theory that is relevant to learning styles to see how it fits with the course and then provide my conclusions about how this course meets the objectives of the course.

 I am assuming that the Teaching and Learning Strategies class was created for students at the college level who were going into some form of teaching or training.

To evaluate this course it is a good idea to start from the beginning and look at the objectives. As I was looking for references in this process, I found a website that had tips for designing instruction that I felt would offer me a structure to work within. According to "Instructional Design," the instruct...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Outlining Explicit Learning Objectives and Outcomes for Teachers and Students

Explicit learning is presented by teaching the specific concepts individually and mastery occurs then after. The main key in such a mode of teaching is being highly structured in every activity that is undertaken inside the classroom can be considered as part of the organization of the technique. One of the defining features of the technique is the fact that the teacher commonly points out the part of the lesson where they are in, thus, the term used is explicit teaching (Boyles, 2002).
The explicit form of teaching can be considered to fit lessons that are considered to introduce certain concepts, ideas or skills that are needed to be learned and that the students have low familiarity or experience with. For that matter, the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

Language Learning Strategies of Listening Comprehension

...Do meta-cognitive Language Learning Strategies assist in the SLA of listening comprehension? Learning Disabilities Even though most researchers agreeabout the characteristics of learning disabilities, there is a disagreement about what should or should not be included in the definition of learning disabilities. While there is some agreement about these general topics, there is continued disagreement in the field about diagnostic criteria, assessment practices, treatment procedures, and educational policies for learning disabilities. A number of influences have contributed to these disagreements, which in turn, have made it difficult to build a generalized body of scientific and clinical knowledge about learning disabilities. Furthermore...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Organisational Learning in Educational Institutions

Conventional understandings will be reviewed and reinterpreted based on the actual practice and needs of such organizations.

Most literature on organizational development tends to be for the management of business organizations. But I believe that organizational learning is more crucial for non-profit motivated service organizations such as educational institutions because they are more embedded in society and have greater social as well as economic consequences. Educational institutions are dynamic institutions like many others but they are fundamentally different from businesses for whom most of the conventional organizational change and development theories are framed. A developed and tailored theory of organizationa...
14 Pages(3500 words)Report

Esentials of Management: Team-Based Learning

Setting up successful teams is a prerogative of any organization and in the business world of present times; it is very much a need rather than a desire. The businesses have changed so as to create more room for teams than individual working ethos. This has given space to more facilitation within the working environments of teams since they bring combined efforts and usage of more brains than a singular person. The factors that stand important in the wake of successful teams include a commitment towards common goals and a simplistic and solitary objective which must be kept in mind at all times. These factors underline the basis of the teams performing a singular whole than disjointed units within the framework of the organization...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Learning and Memory Process

...Profile Report This report compares and contrasts the answers provided by the interviewees X and Jason. Learning and memory process Interviewee X prefers to learn by observation and has the ability to give directions to a place that X has earlier visited. Jason also prefers to learn by observation. Interviewee X prefers to work in silence to avoid distraction whereas Jason prefers distractions as they force him to concentrate. Quietude makes his mind wander. Interviewee X’s preference to work in silence points to the use of committing work to the long term memory. Jason displays a preference to utilize short term memory for his work since it has the capacity to focus on the work at hand despite distractions around. The use of short term...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Organizational Change is an Opportunity for Organizational Learning

Before we move on to how it is beneficial for everyone, even though it is perceived negatively by a large number of people and is one of their biggest fears, we need to discuss the different kinds of changes and the reason behind them.

An organization can go through a structural change. This can be due to a takeover or a complete change of management. In this type of change, the way of working and many dimensions of business activity is altered. This move is usually towards modernization and staying up with the pace but is too fast and sudden, and thus hard for the stakeholders to adjust with. Then there is a change brought about by the change in the services or goods produced and provided. This is usually a positive ch...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Exploring and learning for FREE!

Contact Us