Respiration and circulation are two different aspects, but their functionality involves the provision of oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxide in the body. During respiration, energy is released by oxygen from food. The process also involves removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) as…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
There are different parts of circulation and respiration. They include heart, blood vessels, capillaries, blood, spleen, trachea, lungs, and pericardium (Starr and McMillan 2013).
Respiration involves inhalation and exhalation of air. The respiratory system is a structure that enables human beings to breath. As stated earlier, respiration involves absorption of oxygen from the atmosphere and elimination of Carbon dioxide. The respiratory system is identified by different structures from the nose to the chest. Some of the structures are the nose, throat, larynx, trachea, primary bronchi, and alveolar duct. The structures of respiration are categorised into lower and the upper respiratory tract. The nose, mouth and the trachea form the upper part, which allows air in and out from the body. The lower parts of the system include trachea, bronchi, broncheoli, pulmonary alveoli and lungs. The trachea is in the two parts of the respiratory system. However, the upper part of the trachea is a small section while lower connects the bronchi and the throat (Jakab 2007).
Each lung has of roughly 300 million alveoli, which are in the form of tiny sacks formed at the end of the bronchioles. Tiny blood vessels surround alveoli. Alveoli form a large surface that makes it good for gaseous exchange because the tiny layer of the blood vessels covers the alveoli. Oxygen from the alveoli enters the blood vessels while the CO2 is eliminated from the blood vessels. This is because the blood vessels surrounding the alveoli have more CO2 than the alveoli that have more oxygen. For a balance of both gases, oxygen diffuses to the blood while CO2 diffuses out from the blood to the alveoli. CO2 is breathed out while oxygen breathed in hence gaseous exchange takes place (Fosbery and McLean 1996).
During inhalation and exhalation, the pressure and volume of the lungs change. When air is breathed in, the ribs move upwards
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
A basic concept in cellular respiration is the transfer of chemical energy (electrons) from an electron donor to an electron acceptor. Most of the organisms use oxygen as the final electron acceptor although some organisms (eg. Yeast) use other alternatives.
From this research, it is clear that respiration processes and fermentation processes are similar in that both have carbon dioxide involved in the processes. In the respiration process, the carbon dioxide is the respired gas. In the fermentation process involving glucose carbon dioxide is the byproduct of the reaction that mainly results in the conversion of glucose into ethanol.
The Frequency of Breathing is the number of breathing cycles per minute. One breathing cycle is an inhalation followed by an exhalation. In the trace for normal breathing, there are 15 cycles plotted over the time of 1 minute so the respiratory rate is 15 breaths per minute.
Stroke volume (SV) is the amount of blood being pumped by the heart per each contraction, which is about 70mL in a resting man of average size in supine position (Ganong, 2003). Cardiac output (CO) is the amount of blood ejected by the heart per minute, defined in the equation CO = SV x HR.
They are found in various organs including the stomach, respiratory system and circulatory system among other organs (Marieb & Hoehn, 2008). On the other hand, the cardiac muscles control the autonomic nervous system. These muscles are located in the
The experiment scrutinized how cellular respiration functions in smaller organisms with yeast. To explore how carbohydrates impact cellular respiration, we introduced sugar to the yeast. We also added various pollutants to the yeast
In the first part, fermentation is measured using gas height as proxy for carbon dioxide measure and the rate of reaction. In the second part, respiration is measured in terms of carbonic acid production. (ASPB Foundation n.d.; Nuffield Foundation 2013; The Regents of the