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Therefore, aerobic respiration only occurs when oxygen is present. The main food product that is utilized in this process is glucose. When glucose is oxidized, there is a production of energy, carbon dioxide, and water. The released energy is the form of Adenosine Tri-Phosphate (ATP). The process of aerobic respiration can be summarized using the equation C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP) (Starr & McMillan 2012, p56). There are three main stages through which aerobic respiration takes place; Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and the Electron Transport Chain.
This process of aerobic respiration occurs in cytosol part of the cell. During this process, glucose is oxidized partially and broken down into pyruvate, which is a 3 carbon molecule. Glycolysis produces 2 ATP molecules and 2 NADH molecules. Each NADH molecule is responsible for carrying 2 energy electrons, which are later used by the cell (Starr & McMillan 2012, p56).
This can be regarded as the second stage in aerobic respiration whereby the pyruvate molecule is processed to produce energy that is later stored between the bonds that hold the pyruvate molecule. The synthesized energy is released in the form of ATP (Starr & McMillan 2012, p.57).
This is the last stage in aerobic respiration. This process is responsible for releasing the energy synthesized during glycolysis and krebs cycle. The electron transport chain comprises of a network of electron carrying protein located on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. It is in this stage where electrons and protons are added to oxygen to produce water. Production of ATP occurs when protons move across the cell membrane, a process referred to as chemiosis (Starr & McMillan 2012, p57).
In times of strenuous exercises, there is consumption of high levels of energy, which implies that excess of ATP is needed. When there is insufficient oxygen the body respires
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The materials required during the study include four 100 ml beakers labeled as 1-4, a 200 ml beaker, deionized water; 5% glucose, fructose and sucrose solutions. Others materials included a sugar solution, yeast, a 300 Celsius water bath and four fermentation tubes, labeled as 1-4.The experiment involved using different sugar compounds: glucose, sucrose and fructose.
Through photosynthesis, plants, animals and other photosynthetic organisms can capture the energy from the sun and store it inside their energy carriers. These carriers care the ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and sugars in the forms of chemical bonds. The release of oxygen into our environment and the chemical splitting of water results from the chemical reaction during photosynthesis.
While photosynthesis uses solar energy directly and stores it within chemical bonds cellular respiration releases this stored energy and makes it available to the plant when it needs the energy. That photosynthesis precedes cellular respiration is not surprising.
The fuel molecules used by the cells include glucose, amino acids and fatty acids and the common electron acceptor or the oxidizing agent is the oxygen molecule. Organisms or cells that use molecular oxygen as the final electron acceptor are termed as aerobic, and those that do not are called as anaerobic.
The Frequency of Breathing is the number of breathing cycles per minute. One breathing cycle is an inhalation followed by an exhalation. In the trace for normal breathing, there are 15 cycles plotted over the time of 1 minute so the respiratory rate is 15 breaths per minute.
Groups of tissues combined form organs, and organs working towards a specific purpose together are called a system. One of the most important systems of the human body is the Respiratory System.
The respiratory system is the
Circulation is movement of blood through the blood vessels in the body to and from the heart. Both components are related in that CO2 is a waste product that has to be eliminated from the body through the process of respiration. Other waste products such as dead
lants by the process of photosynthesis release carbon IV oxide which is taken up by other living organisms for respiration which in turn release oxygen required for photosynthesis (Photosynthesis vs. Respiration 2012). Respiration and photosynthesis are similar in the production
In both aerobic and anaerobic respirations, the process takes place in the cytoplasm and mitochondria cells. In addition, both aerobic and anaerobic forms of respiration result to production of energy and ATP (Jerome, 2008).
The difference between the two forms is
NaCl has no effect on temperature availability. Respiration rate is high in warm temperatures than in cold environment regardless of salt availability. This is because the effect of temperature is controlled by the activity of enzymes. Warm temperatures
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