How does the immune system response to V.cholerae infection - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
How does the immune system response to Vibrio Cholerae infection Name Institution The first response for all infectious diseases is the innate immune response. The response is nonspecific in nature and attacks any pathogen introduced in the body. Common symptom for this reaction inflammations accompanied by fever, redness and some pain; the response leads to secretion of natural defenses mediators which entail metabolites, prostaglandins, and arachidonic (Rollwagen, 2009)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.5% of users find it useful
How does the immune system response to V.cholerae infection
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"How does the immune system response to V.cholerae infection"

In this instance, the antibody will have created a self-defense mechanism, which will stimulate antibodies in the extracellular fluid and blood. The second immunity follows the innate response. This process includes secretion of IgA in the intestines; IgA is responsible for the body’s surfaces mainly the tract, gut and the urogenital tract. They are efficient in the response against pathogens as their directly neutralize the Vibrio Cholerae. IgG also plays a significant role as it is a high affinity antibody type. It encourages pathogenic cells and responsible for activating complementary systems if the Vibrio Cholerae persists in the victim’s body (Richardson, Kaper, and Levine, 1989). In this instance, the antibody connects through agglutination thus making them attractive to macrophages; this leads to ingestion of the bacteria. Antibodies also destroy the bacteria by inserting holes on its cell membrane (Rollwagen, 2009). After the second response against cholera, there is the production of antibodies, which suppress toxins produced by the bacteria. Mucosal immune response also plays a vital role in the Vibrio cholera detoxification because the bacteria are located in the intestines. Phagocytic and inflammatory responses of the host to the invading pathogen are in most cases immediate and nonspecific. After the first response is the second response, which more specific compared with the first. The second is specific because of the cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and antibody mediated immunity (AMI), which are adaptive immune forces. The CMI and AMI work together with the IgA to enhance the defense mechanism (Todar, 2012). Vibrio Cholera is a bacterium that tends to colonize small intestines in the proximal section. It elaborates cholera toxins and enterotoxins, which are responsible for the voluminous diarrhea among cholera patients. Anti-toxin immunity also plays a significant role in fighting cholera infection. Despite the argument that antibacterial immunity is readily available in the market, the body plays a crucial role in fighting the pathogen (Todar, 2012). This is where the first response also known as the primary response and the second or the secondary response. References Rollwagen, M. F. (2009). Biology/Immune system response against Cholera. Available at: http://en.allexperts.com/q/Biology-664/2009/5/Immune-system-response-against.htm Richardson, K., Kaper, J. B., and Levine, M. M. (1989). Human immune response to Vibrio cholerae O1 whole cells and isolated outer membrane antigens. 57(2): 495–501. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC313123/ Todar, K. (2012).Bacterial Defense against Specific Immune Responses. Available at: Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“How does the immune system response to V.cholerae infection Research Paper”, n.d.)
How does the immune system response to V.cholerae infection Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1462714-how-does-the-immune-system-response-to-vcholerae
(How Does the Immune System Response to V.Cholerae Infection Research Paper)
How Does the Immune System Response to V.Cholerae Infection Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/biology/1462714-how-does-the-immune-system-response-to-vcholerae.
“How Does the Immune System Response to V.Cholerae Infection Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1462714-how-does-the-immune-system-response-to-vcholerae.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Effect of Stress on the Immune System
One of the profound changes is in the immune system. The immune system, which is responsible for protecting the boy against infection and diseases, becomes less effective with age. The body is vulnerable to infections and diseases. The vulnerability of the immune system in old age is increased by stress.
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper
Viruses, Mononucleosis, Immune system
The structure of viruses has particles called virions and is constructed with helical symmetry containing only one protein or very few proteins (Strauss & Strauss, 36). Viruses that are simple and regular in structure often crystallize which have made them suitable for X-ray diffraction.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Lyme Disease and How the Immune System Responds
The most important organism of this genus is Borrelia Burgdorferi. The organism is transferred to the humans by the bite of ticks. This disease has been considered as the most common disease transferred by ticks so far. The signs and symptoms of the disease are divided into early and late.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Effects of Stress on the Immune System
Stress has been found to have both beneficial as well as deleterious effects on the human body depending on the nature and duration of the stressor. In most cases, however, the harmful effects outweigh the benefits of stress on the immune system which is especially the case in chronic stressful conditions.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Effects of different corticosteroids on the immune system
The outer zona glomerulosa produces mineralocorticoids and the middle zona fasciculate releases the glucocorticoids, for example cortisol. The glucocorticoids play an important role in body metabolism and body resistance during stress. The innermost zone, zona reticularis, produces adrenal androgens.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
How does the Welfare system negatively impact black males
Research identifies that there exist considerably low levels of income, education and high levels of poverty among adult Black Americans (Taylor & Lockery, 1995). Educationally and
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Paper
Immune Response Against HIV
The body immune system is comprised of a complex system of white blood cells as well as blood proteins that work together in response to, and reduce the damage caused by disease causing organisms. This essay discusses in detail about the effects and processes of immune system fighting against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health
Human body has the tendency to cope with traumas and unusual or unwanted circumstances. Human body systems which are able to manage the emergency situations and traumas are activated as soon as the unusual circumstances are observed, however, the defense mechanisms start breaking down if the situation prolong for longer time periods.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Immune System
The immune system has many functions, however, the main one includes it acting as a natural self-defense mechanism and as a phagocytosis. Phagocytosis enables a body to save itself from threats that initiate from within a body itself. For instance, a problem in the spleen may lead to the destruction of white blood cells and platelets.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
How come immune system does not fight cancer
Types of cancer There are basically 5 types of cancers: carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphomas and leukemias, germ cell tumor and blastoma. Carcinomas are cancers that are derived from the epithelial cells. Cancers of the breast, lung, prostate, colon and pancreas fall into this category.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic How does the immune system response to V.cholerae infection for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us