quora
Nobody downloaded yet

Antibiotics may make Fighting Flu Harder - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Antibiotics May Make Fighting Flue Harder Summary of the Article The specific article under examination is Ichinohe et al. (2010). Microbiota regulates immune defense against respiratory tract influenza a virus infection. From an overarching perspective this article indicates that taking antibiotics may not help one’s flu symptoms, and in some situations it may actually make it worse…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.8% of users find it useful
Antibiotics may make Fighting Flu Harder
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Antibiotics may make Fighting Flu Harder"

Download file to see previous pages This is a significant consideration as the study in the article explores elements of effectiveness as related to these antibiotics. Another prominent background consideration is the nature of ‘commensal’ bacteria. While generally bacteria in the human body contribute to illnesses such as the flue, studies have argued that commensal bacteria actually contribute to the body’s proper functioning (Saey 2011; "Commensal science," 2010). Indeed, it’s been argued that there are over 100 billion commensal bacteria in the body that contribute to digestion, acquiring of nutrients, and most notably encouraging the immune system to prevent the colonization of harmful bacterial pathogens ("Commensal science," 2010). While the common flue is generally not considered life threatening its existence among nearly all members of the human species makes it a significant area of investigation; in this way the article is highly relevant in terms of its area of focus. This article advances considerations in this field of investigation through investigating how antibiotics might kill some commensal bacteria that actually prevent the onset of the flue. Discussion of the Science There are a number of elements of the article that are relevant from a scientific perspective. As noted the study examined processes where commensal bacteria regulated immune system actions. More specifically, the study considered how commensal microbiota regulate immunity in the respiratory mucosa through the activation of inflammasomes. While previous research had established that commensal bacteria stopped the establishment of harmful bacterial pathogens in the gut, this research established that they may also contribute to preventing the colonization of these harmful pathogens in the digestive system. The study implemented specific experiments on mice. In this way the scientists treated the mice for a month with four antibiotics that are typically given to humans for bacterial infections. The specific antibiotics administered were vancomycin, neomycin, metronidazole, and ampicillin. These antibiotics were administered orally in doses of 10, 11, 24, 26 mg, respectively. The mice were kept on this treatment program of antibiotics throughout the entire month long period. After treating the mice with these antibiotics, the mice were then infected with the flu. This flu combination was a 10 pfu sublethal dose of A/PR8 influenza virus. The researchers then observed and recorded the findings. In the observation process the Ig levels and T-cell responses were monitored and recorded. In these regards, the scientists identified that the antibiotics prevented the mice from creating interleukin-1 beta or IL-1 beta. Interleukin-1 beta has been understood to be an essential component that is used to combat influenza and other viruses. Additionally, the study demonstrated that both cytokine secretion and the frequency of the influenza virus specific CTLs were decreased. These results were then cross compared with another part of the mice internal system. In this way the study immunized the mice with ovalbumin in complete Freud’s adjuvant in the footpad. This aspect of the study allowed the researchers to compare the immunodeficiency response in the lung with that in the gut. The researchers were then able to identify how eliminating commensal bacteria in one part of the rodent’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Antibiotics may make Fighting Flu Harder Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1456929-antibiotics-may-make-fighting-flu-harder
(Antibiotics May Make Fighting Flu Harder Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1456929-antibiotics-may-make-fighting-flu-harder.
“Antibiotics May Make Fighting Flu Harder Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1456929-antibiotics-may-make-fighting-flu-harder.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The Molecular Mechanism That Make Staphylococcus Aureus Resistant To Antibiotics
The Molecular Mechanism That Make Staphylococcus Aureus Resistant To Antibiotics Name Student ID Course Tutor Date Introduction, An antibiotic is a substance that kills bacteria by disrupting a critical function, usually coded by a definite protein in the bacteria.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Flu Factories
The pig induced pandemic virus has been a major headache for USA health sector. The 2009 Influenza Pandemic was a lucky escape than a planned way out. No doubt such pandemic will be back again as the virus responsible for this undergoes constant mutation to outrun our immune system.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Antibiotics
Various antibiotics work differently on various types of bacteria, but for one aim. By definition, antibiotics are ineffective against viruses and thus prescribing antibiotics when unnecessary or ineffective encourages increase in antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Pandemic Flu
The virus is carried by wild birds and can be rather dangerous for domestic poultry which can in turn affect humans. H5N1 don't currently infect humans, but the virus is constantly changing, and in some cases it can make people sick. About half of infected humans died: as the virus doesn't always cause humans sickness there is no vaccine which could be able to struggle with the virus.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Bird flu
Fowl plague was described in 1878 as a serious disease of chickens in Italy. It is resolve that this fowl plague is actually one of the influenza viruses (Bird Flu/Avian Flu 2). It is said to be originated from Serbia Montenegro and is now known to exist all over the world.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Swine flu
In the UK, the CDC reports that there were 45 deaths seen during the first 2 months of the swine flu outbreak, 6 of these cases were pregnant women. This is 13 times higher than the numbers in the normal population (Knox,
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Avian flu
However, emergency or crisis management and communications plans are required to handle all types of incidents and crisis. The avian flu threat that has made itself evident recently as a result of the mutation of the influenza type A virus is a ticking time bomb that needs to be monitored carefully.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Flu Pandemic
The plan highlights four important aspects of dealing with an influenza outbreak: early recognition and reporting of a human outbreak;
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Divorce: Should we reform laws to make it harder to get a divorce
A study published in the American Law and Economics Review showed that women file slightly more than two-thirds of divorce cases in the US (Brinig & Douglas 126, Khun & John 31). If that is the case, one might want to ask why that is the
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Antibiotics
In 1941, the antibiotic agent Penicillin G was found to be effective against almost all strains of Staphylococcus aureus but by 1944 the bacterium had
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Antibiotics may make Fighting Flu Harder for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us