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1- The Anthropological perspectives regarding development and progress. Please refer to lectures , Social Darwinism , Body Ritual Among the Nacirema , Dancing Skeletons 2- Colonialism's effects on modern cult - Essay Example

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This perspective should be put into consideration in every attempt to generalize aspects about humankind. Anthropology is a scientific process…
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1- The Anthropological perspectives regarding development and progress. Please refer to lectures , Social Darwinism , Body Ritual Among the Nacirema , Dancing Skeletons 2- Colonialisms effects on modern cult
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Extract of sample "1- The Anthropological perspectives regarding development and progress. Please refer to lectures , Social Darwinism , Body Ritual Among the Nacirema , Dancing Skeletons 2- Colonialism's effects on modern cult"

Download file to see previous pages Third world focus was the differentiating feature of this discipline. It was not until after the second world-war, the discipline focused nearly exclusive on non-western. Over a long time, anthropologist had an assumption that all non-western cultures were so different that they justified a distinct social science discipline to study. This hypothesis seems untrue in the present time. Various theories have been proposed to aid in studying the variance and give an account on the aspects of culture. For their effective explanation, the theories are divided in different categories. Under these categories, there are culture theories, structural functionalism, and moral economics theories among others (Geertz 89).
Because of heterogeneity of these theories, it is not possible to construct a single perspective that comprises the different anthropological points of view. Despite of this impossibility, the main themes can be extracted from the existing perspectives that are as follows;
Social Darwinism is the name or word that was coined in nineteenth century, to describe the concept of living things’, like plants and animals, struggle in order to continue to exist. This can be termed as survival for existence. Charles Darwin described this theory as that individuals, group and races are victims of law of natural selection. According to him, the weak were eliminated and their culture put to an end as the strong gained more power and influenced their culture of the weak ones. A British philosopher, who was also a scientist by the name Herbert Spencer, coined a phrase to describe the same concept, “survival for the fittest”. The proposers of this particular theory, Spencer, William graham from United States and Walter Bagehot originating from England, believed that the issue of natural selection acting on variation in a community would cause the survival of the best competitors and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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