Agriculture is the practice of rearing animals and cultivation of plants, fungi as well as other products utilized to sustain life. Actually, agriculture was the major aspect behind the evolution of human civilization. This paper, therefore, will compare and contrast the origin of agriculture…
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Many scholars top day have come up with various explanation that try to unravel the past development of agriculture. According to most suggestions, there must have been an unexpected change from gatherer-hunter to agricultural communities after a time during which particular crops may have been intentionally planted to mitigate for shortages of game as well as other food crops acquired in the wild at that time (Vasey 2002,p.23). Even though localized climate change seem to be the most favored justification for the agricultural origin, the case that domesticated agriculture was 'invented, proposes that social reasons could have been much instrumental.According to the Oasis hypothesis which was popularized in 1908 by Raphael Pumpelly and Vere Gordon Childe in their book titled Man Makes Himself, the hypothesis states that as the climate became drier, many societies contracted to water points where they became shaped into close relationship with wild animals which were later reared together with other useful crops. However this kind of explanation falls short of materiality as climatic data that are available do not seem to support it (Childe 1981,p.13).Alternatively, the Hilly Flanks theory that was in the first time put forward in 1948 by Robert Braidwood, infers that domesticated agriculture initially started in the hilly places of the Zagros and Taurus Mountain. Basing on this proposition, agriculture began as a result of intensive gathering of grain in the region.
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(Origin of Agriculture: Middle East and Mesoamerica Essay)
“Origin of Agriculture: Middle East and Mesoamerica Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1577581-origins-of-agriculture-mesoamericaegypt.
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