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The firmness, utility, and beauty Vitruvian triad has been discussed and still is as it is considered to be one of the first architectural theories. The unity of firmness, functionality, and beauty was further explored by such philosophers and architects as Wittgenstein and Le Corbusier. Both theorists reflected their own vision of the combination of these three components. The unity of beauty and functionality is the subject of examination of this paper.
One of the most important places among artists of the Roman époque belongs to the Ancient architect Marcus Vitruvius Polio who wrote his well-known mulity-voulume treatise dedicated to architecture entitled "De architectura". Vitruvius`s life dates are unknown, but some indirect researches are prone to associate his life with Augustuss era, the second half of the first century BC. Despite the large volume of Vitruvius`s books they are simple to read and comprehend. At the beginning of each book the author gives a short summary, adding different interesting messages from the history of philosophy, literature, and art. Also, a simple review of the contents of the Vitruvius`s treatise reveals very much in view of simplicity and those architectural methods which he represents on the basis of a certain aesthetic position. "De architecture" can be regarded as the encyclopedia of technical science. Architecture, from Vitruvius understanding, includes three main aspects: architecture in a narrow sense of this word, i.e. equipment construction, production of devices for time measurement, and mechanics, i.e. production of weight lifting and water hoist engines. According to the definition of the Vitruvius, practice is based on the theory, while experience is checked and directed by science (Vitruvius 4). Following the requirements of encyclopedic education for the architect, Vitruvius not only lists those sciences which the architect has to know, but also demonstrates connection of
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Another architect who had a prominent influence on 20th century urban planning techniques was Tony Garnier. Garnier was a French architect and city-planner who developed ideas that have becomes crucial to even the contemporary urban world. This essay considers the contributions and influences Le Corbusier and Tony Garnier made to 20th century urban planning.
The buildings take up the asymmetrical form with a podium on columns design. Before ideas of buildings like the “Villa Savoye” came into the view of the public, most buildings were not detailed or even enthralling. Buildings were simple and at some point they could be described as bland, with the idea of “Le Courbusier” buildings started being marvelous structure to watch.
ZARA: IT for fast fashion. Upgrading Zara’s POS systems From the case study scenario, it would be recommendable for Salgado to upgrade the POS terminals to a modern operating system. This is the ideal decision for Zara as it is continually expanding its stores making it more complex to operate using the simple DOS systems which is increasingly becoming obsolete, and which is highly manual.
He changed his citizenship to French in 1930 for reasons best known to him. Additionally, his exemplary work brought contribution in the improvement of the living standards of those living in urban areas. He incorporated his trademark “Le Corbusier” from his ancient ancestor “Lecorbesier”.
In his 30s, he moved his base to France where he changed his name to Le Corbusier.
During the five decades of his practising architecture and building design, he travelled around the world giving solutions to housing problems and urban congestion. His marvels can be seen all over central Europe, India, Russia, and North and South America.
Most of the stores are found in the UK i.e. they are five hundred and twenty in number. The company deals in the sale of clothing items and also in the food sector. (Faragher, 2007)
The company has been well known for some of the policies it offers to its consumers.
Similarly, Le Corbusier, born in Swiss, 1887, was a believer of purism, which was just another form of utilitarianism deriving meaning of architecture from purposes and functions rather than ornaments and art. The two architects, Loos and Corbusier, played
In both cases, there are undesirable traits that present controversy in the way the characters live. Through an in-depth analysis, the stories have applied the concept of scapegoating as a strategy to keep the