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Evolution of Nursing - Research Paper Example

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Evolution of Nursing" History of Nursing: History encompasses learning of happenings from the times of yore leading up to the current time. History reveals the influence of happenings all the way through time and is not confined to the chronology of events…
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Evolution of Nursing
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Download file to see previous pages It is imperative to study of history of nursing as it aids in having a better perception towards communal services and also it helps to develop an understanding towards the issues that were persistently tackling the occupation. With this understanding nurses are allowed to inflate an admiration of the role the occupation has performed in the wellbeing and care system of any country (Donahue, 1991). The present article discusses the history of nursing with an emphasis on communal inclination on the development and proliferation of this occupation. Nursing profession has varied categorization under different cultural domains. In 15th century the nursing profession was associated with the motherly care that is given by a women who looks after the child. Gradually nursing has evolved with this feeling and perception, to nurture or to nourish in complete sense. It encourages the individual towards value for life and existence. Earlier, this was taken care by the nuns and the infantry who provided such provisions. In UK nurses are often called "sisters" (Egenes). Nursing in Antiquity It is not easy to become a care provider and therefore in the ancient times. In the Zuni tribes, this charge was given to the much ahead of the time when the baby actually realize what is her fate to be. If a baby is born, with a segment of placenta, enveloping her face, it was considered as a symbol that the infant is predestined to be a caregiver (Henly, 2007). As the women possess the caring nature by instinct, she has the potential of providing care and attention to her infants and family members, therefore in many cultures and societies women is assigned the task to continue with nursing care to the injured and sick individuals of the society. During the era of inception of nursing care there was no facility of providing any kind of formal education to the nurses and therefore whatever were the traditional methods available with the society, nurses learned them and hence it was passed from one generation to another. Nurses also learned through their keen observation when others do care for the sick people, in certain cases when they found their experience and expertise inadequate they either consulted the physician or they adopted the process of trial and error. If the hit and trial procedure gained success it used to become the standard and was utilized for other similar ailments. Thus the practice of nursing care was instituted (Egenes). It was during the early Christian era when the nurses categorized and systemized themselves in group. The preaching of church encompassed charity, self-sacrifice, help and aids to others. Females with some educational backgrounds (Deaconess) were selected by the authorities of the church to serve and care for the ailing individuals. Deaconesses were females either they were Roman matrons or widows. One of the deaconesses, Fabiola established Christian Hospital in Rome and provided the expert care. The deaconess Phoebe is called as the first "visiting nurse" (Nutting, 1907). During the era of antiquity, the most preferred and the protected care was the care provided by the family members, clansmen and friends. Hospitalizations were rare and was done for those who do not have any close by relative or family to take care. Earlier hospitals were run by the nuns and monks of the religion. Although because of lack of awareness the individuals were placed together, for instance an individual with smallpox could be placed with the individual having fracture. Diagnosis was poor ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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