His definition has been borrowed from the World Health Organization perception. According to Kumar, the core role of the nurses in health promotion is to address the various public health challenges. The nurses have to ensure that the community members attain the enjoyment of their lives by always living in good health. Nurses have to achieve this goal by employing a range of holistic approaches that involve the engagement of the community. The great evolution of nursing roles and responsibilities began in the early 19th Century. Health promotion was first introduced in 1945 and had four major facets. These included the prevention of diseases, restoration of the very sick patients, rehabilitation and the general promotion of community health (Kumar, 2012). In the medical world of today, health promotion has taken a wider angle and nursing roles have been diverted from the traditional curative services to other developments and education that directly or indirectly influence the general health of the community in different aspects such as dietary, cultural beliefs and the risks of individual behavior. Nurses have implemented the modern health promotion using these aspects as the key guidelines. The community has been encouraged through various teachings to embrace the new prevention and treatment methods and abolish their outdated cultures. More emphasis has been on the behavior health problems.
The World Health Organization (WHO), Health Promotion, defines Health Promotion