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Cyberterrorism - Essay Example

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The major components which together constitute a nation's infrastructure are the sectors of food, agriculture, telecommunications, public utilities, banking and finance, defence, emergency services, transportation, trade and postal services. But the basic, and perhaps the most important, part of any infrastructure today is 'cyberspace', which acts like the nervous system which connects and controls all the other functions of a country…
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Download file to see previous pages... It is thus, of utmost importance to a nation's economy and its national security.
Even from an individual's perspective, the internet is beneficial as it provides services like e-trading, online shopping and home-delivery, overseas reservations, games and music downloads, financial services, access to remote terminals and information, etc. at high levels of convenience. Today, almost every organization in the world has expanded its domain into the realm of cyberspace. Large amounts of information are electronically stored in interconnected databases.
However, the increasing influence of cyberspace has extended into the area of terrorism. Electronics technologies are vulnerable to a large extent to cyberterrorism. According to the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) Coordination Center, there were about 2,500 vulnerabilities detected in the nation's cyber system in 2001, and this number rose to 6,000 in 2005. In 2006, more than 7,200 vulnerabilities were found out. This exponential increase in cyber vulnerabilities of systems coupled with increasing cyberterrorism is leaving a critical part of the nation's security exposed to terrorist pursuits.
Cyberterrorism is he mingling of cyberspace with terrorism. ...
Reasons for Cyberterrorism:
Cyberterrorism can be driven by several motives. Following are some of the reasons for the recent growth in cybercrime and cyber attacks-
All terrorist organizations on the web are now using it as a means to broadcast their philosophies and messages across the world, and thereby misguiding and misinforming people from many nations.
Cyberspace is being used for recruiting new terrorists and sympathisers, raise funds for operations and communicating with fellow terrorists.
Cyberterrorism involves low risk, and allows collaboration between people throughout the world. Moreover, cyber attacks are cheap, quick and do not require much planning.
Numerous cyber attacks have social or political motives behind them.
The money gained through cyber crime (estimated to be about $100 billion) can be used to finance terrorism.
Internet gives hackers and scammers anonymity with which they can access remote computers and personal information easily through identity theft.
The advanced internet search technology provides attackers with a greater degree of information about hacking skills, far away from the eye of security officials. Moreover, the internet allows criminals to attack in an untraceable manner by enabling them to use computers owned by others to commit crimes.
It must be noted that many a times, cyberterrorism is motivated by a separate category of factors like greed, curiosity, thrill, ego, revenge, etc. These are mostly carried out by non-ideological individuals who do not have a very sound purpose behind the attacks.
Incidents of Cyberterrorism:
In the past decade, there have been several cases of cyberterrorism which prove that the threat of terrorism committed electronically is 'real'. It ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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