What was real name of the author? What is the main message of the book? Dwell on the author’s biography and his other prominent works.
The book was written by George Orwell immediately after World War II to act as a warning to mankind against certain political philosophies and the defects that are associated with human nature. The name is a pseudonym for Eric Arthur Blair who was an English, novelist, essayist, critic and journalist. He was born on 25th June 1903. H passed away on 21st January 1950. His work mainly concentrates on his outspoken support for democratic socialism, opposition against totalitarianism and perpetual awareness of social injustice. His work is delivered in lucid prose. He was born in Bihar, India. His great grandfather, Charles Blair, was a wealthy landowner in Dorset who married the Earl of Westmorland’s daughter Lady Mary Fane. Orwell received income as an absentee landlord from plantations in Jamaica and his grandfather was a clergyman. He died in London from tuberculosis and was interred at All Saints Church in Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire, England. His son Richard Horatio Blair and his wife Sonia Brownell survived him.
Orwell is best remembered for writing the allegorical novel Animal Farm in 1945. He also worked on non-fiction literature such as The Road to Wigan Pier in 1937, which documents his experiences of working class life in the northern part of England. He wrote Homage to Catalonia in 1938 that relays his experiences during the Spanish Civil War. George Orwell was ranked second of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945” by The Times.