Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables Name: Institution: Crime in society is perpetrated by individuals who are under the influence of a myriad of factors both at an individual and societal level. Attributes of crime are varied depending on its nature and complexity…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.9% of users find it useful
Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables"

Download file to see previous pages This because without money one cannot survive in today’s world in which money is necessary in order to acquire life’s basic needs. Employment has been touted as a significant contributor to rising levels of crime in society. This paper seeks to highlight various journal articles that contribute to the theory on independent and dependent variables (IV & DV), mediating, and moderating variables. These variables will be discussed in light of their relation to the research question querying the effect of employment on reducing barriers to offender reentry and recidivism. In a society where there are high levels of unemployment, there are likely to be high rates of crime because most people do not have a means of earning a living. This translates to lack of money, which is needed to purchase people’s daily basic needs like food, water and shelter. Majority of crimes are perpetrated towards satisfying the need for money, but there also exists other forms of crimes that are based on delinquency on the part of juveniles. Crimes of passion are also common in the domestic setting, with terrorist activities being classified along these lines. Recidivism and reentry to criminal activities is caused by various factors like peer pressure and inadequate rehabilitation policies in respective societies. The life that an offender goes back to, after incarceration and rehabilitation, acts a significant indicator of their chances of receding into crime. Employment is a key factor, when it comes to offender reentry and recidivism, because it determines whether the individual will be able to support and take responsibility for their life. Alternatively, will they be forced, by circumstances, to result to criminal activities to earn a living? There are various IV, DV, mediating and moderating variables that have been the subject of research studies regarding their influence on employment and crime (Fairchild & Mackinnon, 2009). A key construct in the journal article ‘Reentry and the Ties that Bind: An Examination of Social Ties, Employment and Recidivism’, are the social ties of an offender reentering society (Berg & Huebner, 2011). Researchers in this study found out that offenders who maintained social ties with their families and obtained steady work were less likely to recidivate (Berg & Huebner, 2011). In this research study, social ties represented the IV while employment and recidivism denoted the DV. According to Berg and Huebner, the main construct behind the theory was that familial ties could operate, through employment, to influence recidivism, and act as moderating variables. The research study used a conceptual framework to test the hypothesis relating to the link between employment, recidivism and familial ties (Trochim & Donnelly, 2008). The constructs of this research study were operationalized through the hypothesis testing which garnered results that supported the construct behind the study. The findings illustrated that social ties especial familial ones had significant implications for both recidivism, employment (Berg & Huebner, 2011). The moderating effects of social or familial ties have on recidivism, and reentry through employment is clearly illustrated in this research study. The results effectively suggest the significant importance of good quality social ties in alleviating offender reentry challenges and recidivism. A research study was conducted under the title, “ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Essay)
“Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables

Moderating and Minimizing Conflict

...?Moderating and Minimizing Conflict Conflict is a situation in which two or more people realize that they have incompatible objectives due to which they think that they are unable to go along with one another (Himes, 2008). Some conflicts are little that are resolved in no time with a little communication (Cahn & Abigail, 2007); while, some are big enough that a mediation plan is needed to resolve them. Strasser and Randolph (2004, p.3) assert that “conflict is an intrinsic characteristic of the human species in every society, irrespective of geographic, ethnic or religious origin.” No matter how much man has made progress in understanding human behavior, yet he is unable to fully describe conflict and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Independent Variable and Dependent Variable

..., promotional methods and advertisements. We could categorize these variables as either dependent or independent. According to Turk (9), a dependent variable provides an answer to the research question. On the other hand, an independent variable explains variation within the dependent variable (Wimmer and Dominick 45). In our case, the dependent variable is the increase in cancer cases reported after the experimental manipulation defined by the independent variables. This would comprise the cases reported in health...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Dependent and Independent Variables

...Running head: VARIABLES Dependent and Independent Variables Journal Questions Table Weight for Non-BT Pot Infestation   O low high 1 164.1 164 135.4 2 164.3 162 139.6 3 161.9 168.3 138.3 Ave. 163.4333 164.7667 137.7667 Table 2. Weight for BT Pot Infestation   0 low high 1 190 178.8 155.1 2 183.2 172.6 163 3 148.8 179.6 163.9 Ave. 174 177 160.6667 1. Describe the effects of the ECB infestations you used. Were all corn varieties equally effective at controlling the ECB? How do you know? The Non-BT and BT corn varieties have differently controlled the ECB infestations. The corn varieties have 10.57, 12.23, and 22.9 average kernel weight/ear of corn differences, respectively,...
3 Pages(750 words)Lab Report

Confounding Variables

...Confounding Variables Scenario chosen: Scenario h An elementary school teacher wants to show that parents’ involvement helps their children learn. She randomly chooses one half of the boys and one half of the girls in her class and sends a note home with them. The note asks the parents to spend more time each day working with the child on his or her math homework. The other half of the children do not receive a note. At the end of the school year, the teacher finds that the children whose parents she sent notes to have significantly better final math grades. Why can’t the researcher conclude that parental involvement increased the students’ scores? Confounding variable that could be present: 1....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Dependent and Independent Variables

...Running head: DEPENDENT AND INDEPENDENT VARIABLES Dependent and Independent Variables First Middle initial and of University Course Number and Name September 2, 2011 A dependent variable is the variable that is measured in an experiment (Babbie, 2007) . A dependent variable responds to changes in the independent variable (Babbie, 2007). It is called dependent because it “depends” on the independent variable. Therefore, changes in the independent variable cause changes in the dependent variable. In the article, ‘High-risk Drinking in College: What We Know and What We Need to Learn’, researches found that the presence of a Greek system on campus increases the likelihood of heavy alcohol use (National Institute of Alcohol Abuse... and...
1 Pages(249 words)Essay

Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating, and Dependent Variables

...Contributing to theory: Independent, mediating, moderating and dependent variables Introduction Research forms foundation into understanding underlying circumstances about occurrences. It achieves this by exploring relationships between variables to a situation with the aim of developing a contributing theory. This paper explores research articles on application of virtual teams and virtual tools to determine the articles’ contribution to theory with respect to applicability of virtual teams and virtual tools in an oil-producing...
2 Pages(500 words)Statistics Project

Culture dependent vs culture independent methods

...-like in shape and also possess thick cell wall. 4. How do these lists of bacteria you identified in Question 3 compare with the list we compiled through culture dependent and culture independent identification techniques in Project 3? Why might our list of bacteria be different from theirs? It is evident that the above described bacteria are also found under the culture dependent bacteria techniques. The list might vary because the culture independent bacteria require the use of complicated media to copy the conditions found at the site of isolation or the employment of co-culture approaches (Snedden, 2000 p. 15). 5. Describe 2 advantages that 16s rRNA sequencing has...
2 Pages(500 words)Lab Report


...inches long. Such a relationship is a positive correlation because the two variables change in a similar direction. As the height of the individual increases, so does the height. A negative correlation manifests where the variables proceed in opposite directions. An example to this can involve the absence of a student from class and his/her performance. When a student misses classes, the performance or grades are likely to drop. The variables compared in a correlation are known as an independent and dependent variables. The change of the independent variable is beyond human control. An example to this is...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables

...Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables A mediating variable (mediator or intervening variable) is an intermediate construct that describes how effects or output will occur by justifying the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. It also accounts for the relationship between the criterion and the predictor. Mediator constructs explicate how the external physical events or circumstances take on the internal psychological significance (Springer, 2014). Unlike moderators, mediator variables explain why or how certain effects occurred. Intervening variables provide a causal link between... for...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Influence on the dependent variables

...Control of Extraneous Variables Control of Extraneous Variables Any research conducted, normally focuses on two kinds of variables, the dependent and the independent. The central idea of the researcher is to manipulate the independent variable so as to induce some response measured by the dependent variable. However, in any given research there are other numerous variables that constantly change. Such variable are named as the extraneous variables, and it is the duty of the researcher to deal with these variable so that they cannot turn into confounding variables (Houser, 2014). If the extraneous variables turn into confounding variables, they can influence the validity of the research findings thus the researcher needs to come... up with...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Contributing to Theory: Independent, Mediating, Moderating and Dependent Variables for FREE!

Contact Us