This essay talks about the demographic transition in China, which is characterized as a replacement of large population growth with a slow growth. The transition is analyzed through the use of such statistical indicators, as mortality rate, fertility rate, population growth rate and age structure. …
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This essay describes the policies implemented in the China, concerning the conception of few children, outlines the problems are associated with the rapid population growth, and discusses the economic implications of the same.
The population changes in any country are accompanied by economic, social, and political changes. In most developing nations like China, the population growth rate is rapid which has an impact on the size and structure of the population as a whole. China has one-fifth of the global population, making it the most populated country. The optimum population in China was in the year 1960 but recently, population in China was reduced to a rate lower than one percent of the whole population.
During the last 60 years, the demographic changes in China took place and are considered historical. The reduction in the mortality rate in china in the past few years led to the increase in the population growth rate. Later the fertility rate reduced due to policies leading to a low growth in the population rate. Presently, China is in a ‘post transitional’ stage whereby the fertility rates have reduced to a rate below the levels of replacement in the economy and the aging population is estimated to be at the horizon. The aging population is unlikely able to cause economic problems, since there are many people who are job seekers. In addition, more than enough people are available to take care of the elderly people in the society.
Policy reforms in China will make the China move to a period of economic growth.
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Public Health: Family Planning Policy in China to focus on Quality of Life. It is without doubt that overpopulation is still one of the challenges to economic and social development in any given country. For this reason, China has been struggling with the problem of overpopulation for a very long time now.
Population growth = natural increase (births minus deaths) + net migration, and migration also affects the number of births. UK population is now growing at an annual rate of 0.64%. At an annual growth rate of 0.4% a year our population would pass 200 million by 2310.
China's population is by far the largest in the world. "In 1998, it was estimated at 1.24 billion people and growing at a rate of 12.5 million a year. But this annual population growth rate has dropped by nearly 44% from 2.3% in 1973 to 1.0% in 1998.China's population will reach 1.6 billion in 2025 and 2 billion by 2050".
The dependent youth population is variously accepted to be those belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years where it is assumed that no employment or independent sources of income exist. Globally the working and active population is assumed to fall between the ages 15 to 64 years.Therefore,the youth dependency ratio is defined as the ratio of the number of people aged 0 to 14 years to the number aged 15 to 64 years.
The policy, which limits couples to one child, was designated as a 'temporary measure', but it is yet practiced in the nation today, even after a quarter-century since its establishment. "China's one child family policy, which was first announced in 1979, has remained in place despite the extraordinary political and social changes that have occurred over the past two decades.
The problems in the environment are gradually recognized and probable corrections are sought. The relationship of individuals with their environment (biotic and abiotic) is an ecological problem1. This in turn affects the growth in
Group A: In pre industrial society, the birth and death rates were high. The family planning methods did not exist that leads to increase in the number of child bearing women and there were no proper health treatments and causes high death ratio.
The issues observed in the paper create a potentially difficult situation. All factors constant, an aging population will experience lower output growth per capita and a lower savings rate. Moreover, the elderly need care and support, and if these need financing, such financing will limit the resources available for alternative purposes.
The statistic shows that expenditures on health care sector rose from 580 million dollars to 2,400 million dollars after the introduction of the policy in question (Crabbe, 2014, p. 50). That is why might point out that
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