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Structural theories - Essay Example

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The research essay “Structural theories” will concentrate on widely used theories in sociology and link them to our experiences in the world through factors like family, culture, social class and religion and how they have shaped these factors to date…
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Structural theories

Download file to see previous pages... According to Kendall (2015), Emile Durkheim laid emphasis on the importance of religion in maintaining the society. Emile brought the idea of religion as a culture that is universal and found in all societies since it complements basic needs. Religion is also an important function of the society. Religion is what unites the society. The functionalist proposed that religion serves three purposes. It offers meaning and purpose for the human experience. Religion offers guidance for some of the occurrences in the society such as on inequality. There may be some people who may question why their situation is not as good as those of others. Religion will offer a reason for this situation. Religion also brings social cohesion and a sense of belonging through, for instance, the Holy Communion in the church. It allows followers to participate together. According to Kunin (2003), Emile also proposed that religion brings social control and support for the government. The presence of sacred symbols and views bring about a high motivation on how the general order of existence should be like. Social control and order in the society are also maintained by religion by following the laws and norms of the society. Karl Max noted that in all stratified societies, there are two social groups that emerge; the subject and ruling class. The ruling class has control and power of all capital, labor and land in the society. They are also known for their exploitation of the subject class that creates a conflict of interest between them. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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