Nobody downloaded yet

Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of 'deviance' - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Institution Tutor Sociological Approaches to the Study of Deviance Course/Number Date Department Introduction If there are theoretical frameworks that explain the concept and reality of deviance, then Marxism and functionalism must predominantly feature among them, because of their comprehensive scope and approach to deviance and crime…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92% of users find it useful
Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of deviance
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of 'deviance'"

Download file to see previous pages Nevertheless, the similarity between the two is seen in both perspectives being structural theories that explain criminality as a broader social phenomenon. The main personality behind the functionalist theory is Emile Durkheim, who postulates that crime is inevitable in all societies. This is to the effect that even in a society of saints, there are saints that adhere to rules, closer than their counterparts. Marxists take the idea that crime results from an unjust social order, and therefore looks forward to a classless society where exploitation and ownership are inexistent and thereby making crime redundant. This is to say that while Marxism is primarily concerned with explaining why the criminal system is biased in towards the bourgeoisie, functionalists see crime as an integral part of all societies that are healthy. Actors That Break the Rules/Laws Necessary to Maintain Social Order (Functional) Functionalism has it that crime is helpful to the western societies, in that it sets boundaries for permissible behaviour. This is to the effect that public horror at despicable crimes can strengthen social solidarity. This makes the malefactor become acceptable or offers the society the chance to anlayse and reevaluate what it considers deviant, and thereby making the society more pluralistic. In the above development, if the malefactor was a shoplifter, then the society which he has wronged and breached its laws will have been provided with the chance to review the cause and dynamics of shoplifting. The need to reconsider facts and dynamics surrounding kleptomania, poverty and socioeconomic unequal relations between the haves and the have-notes may be applicable at this juncture. In this case, the shoplifter’s act of engaging in small time larceny will have served the society with the chance to make itself more egalitarian, in lieu of merely using the criminal justice system as a punitive measure against some riff raffs. At the same time, when an individual commits a crime, he provides the courts with a public forum where laws are constantly being tested and changed, so that protests of the law being static and irrelevant or outdated are addressed. In this light, credence can be lent to the observation that criminality provides a motor for legitimate social transformation. This standpoint may be seen to slightly correlate with Marxism which also sees the criminal justice system (the policing system, the prison and the judicial court systems) as being estranged from the plight of the contravener of social norms who may necessarily not be a malefactor in essence. Others such as Philips (2011, 1) argue that it is only through these developments that intellectuals are stirred from slumber and into meaningful pursuit. In light of the immediately foregoing, an individual who breaks rules or laws that are necessary for the maintenance of law and social order, serves the society some social good by opening a door for socio-cultural transformation and legislative dynamism. A Label Applied To Agents That Challenge the Class-Based Rules/Laws of Capitalist Society (Marxism) According to Marxism, an individual who breaks societal standards, roles and laws is one who is merely challenging the class-based rules or laws of a capitalist society. Marxists argue ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of Essay”, n.d.)
Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of Essay. Retrieved from
(Compare and Contrast Any Two Sociological Approaches to the Study of Essay)
Compare and Contrast Any Two Sociological Approaches to the Study of Essay.
“Compare and Contrast Any Two Sociological Approaches to the Study of Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of 'deviance'

Compare and Contrast Two Movies

...Compare and contrast two movies The film Amelie by Jean Pierre talks about a young lady who acts as a shy waitress in France city of Paris. The lady has dedicated most of her life in helping the people around her, to improve their lives despite the problems she faces in isolation. The film informs us about how she lost her parents, and because of these become forced into some isolation. This enabled her posses an active mind that managed to keep her of the isolation thoughts. She helps a man who works as a painter reunite back with his family. She also manages to help the man retrieve a childhood box that was full of his memories. She manages to see how the man gets moved by her actions...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Compare/Contrast the two interviews

...? Compare and Contrast Theories help organizations achieve goals and objectives (Steen et al. 103). Thisresearch dwells on the similarities and differences between individuals and organizations (Steen et al. 103). Organizational theories contribute to achieving organizational goals and objectives (Steen et al. 103). Similarities between the Two Individuals There are similarities between the two individuals because both espouse personal philosophies, perspectives, responsibilities, and leadership (Shafritz, Russell, and Borick 279). Differences between the Two Individuals Philosophies. Kelley Davis insists that everyone can do any job...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Compare and contrast two articles

...? Compare and Contrast Two Articles Introduction Michelle’s Criminal Justice Research and Practice: Diverse Voices from the Field Contemporary Sociology is an article that dives into the discussion regarding offenders and the Criminal Justice (CRJ). Thus, it dwells on talking about the challenges faced by offenders while they combat identity without forgetting other forms of payment scams. It also focuses on the prevention measures against identity theft via information technology and the predicaments associated with the use of identification systems such as fingerprinting to put a stop to identity crimes. In comparison, Max’s Understanding Comparison in Criminal Justice Research: An Interpretive Perspective journal explores... the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Compare or Contrast two buildings

... Planning Page Compare and contrast two buildings 2. U.S General Services Administration Building and Ariel Rios Federal Building 3. U.S General Services Administration Building and Ariel Rios Federal Building showcase massive architecture, uncluttered appearance and subtle artistic design comparing two samples of America’s Neo-Classical architecture. 4. Brain Storm List I. Massive Architecture. A. U.S General Services Administration Building’s E-shaped configuration. B. Ariel Rios Federal Building Semi-circular facade. II. Uncluttered Appearance. A. U.S General Services Administration Building’s organized flat and long facade. B. Ariel Rios Federal Building’s sweeping facade. III. Subtle Artistic Design. A. U.S General Services... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Compare and contrast two leaders

...Gandhi Vs Hitler Personal biography and social context Twentieth century dawned to create two eminent leaders in the political scenario of Germany and India, who still attracts appreciation as well as criticism from historians, and rational thinkers. Autobiography of Mohandas Gandhi and Adolph Hitler are worth reading to get a clear picture of anarchy prevalent in their respective nations during the onset of 20th century. Gandhi is the best known theorist and practitioner of nonviolent action, who developed his distinctive theory of ‘Satyagraha’ or truth force, and success of the movement for Indian independence, which augmented its acceptance worldwide. Hitler was instrumental in German Nationalist movement, who is accused... , shy, and...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Compare and contrast two poems

...and grandfather utilizing their shovel to work on their land. Further in ‘Daddy’ Plath utilizes this same shoe as a transformed metaphor, like a double edged sword, “The boot in the face, the brute, Brute heart of a brute like you” as she finds out her father to be like a Nazi. Therefore one can trace this transformation from admiring her farther to despising and rejecting him. Plath even compares her farther to Hitler, “A man in black with a Meinkampf look”. (Jean, 1984 ) Heaney admits that his father and grandfather were great in their respective trade, “ By God, the old man could handle a spade, Just like his old man My grandfather could cut more turf in a day Than any other man on Toners bog.”...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Compare and contrast ANY TWO of the following approaches to the governance of transnational corporations (TNCs)

..., there is a likelihood of reduced inequalities between regions as well as between social classes (Zadek, 2001). One of the weaknesses that has been linked to the social democratic approach to the governance of global business is its inability to create the perfect economic situation it was supposed to create. Many saw the social democratic approach as the cure to capitalism, but it seems that nothing has come out of it (Ohmae, 1990). Another weakness of the social democratic approach is that the rights of the individual are ignored in favor of those of the community as a whole. In such a system it would be hard for a corporation to make any gains since interests will not be of much importance compared to those of the community... as it is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...Two Poems: Advice to Our Sons Langston Hughes’ “Mother to Son” and Peter Meinke’s “Advice to My Son” work well as a means to compare and contrast varying societal conditions and viewpoints regarding life’s trials and challenges. While both poems share some similarities regarding content, each express their viewpoint in very different ways. Told in a conversational tone, Hughes’ poem shares a mother’s constant concern that life is a precarious experience. When she states that “Life for me ain’t no crystal stair” (Hughes line 2), the mother conveys to her son not only the rough obstacles she has experienced, but also puts forward a warning regarding what he will face throughout...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Compare and Contrast Two Readings

...Compare and Contrast The Susan Bordo article richly discusses the male body form as seen advertisements – a theme which is akin to the rediscovery of the male form amidst the seeming obsessive preoccupation on the female form. The article turns its attention on the sexuality of the male form, including its general appeal to the population. It specifies the revolutionary portrayal of the male highly sexual form through underwear advertisements like that of Calvin Klein. Where the portrayal in the past was muted in its sexuality, such sexuality now seems to be the running theme in these advertisements. These advertisements also present men as sexual objects, in much the same way as women have often been...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Compare and contrast two readings

... Comparison- contrast essay In our societies today, every other individual has a right to the ideologies that one has and can implement them in writing. This in most of the times may compare or contrast to another person opinion on the same subject despite that they both had their original ideas. This is evident in the analysis of these two men who were the founders of the transcendentalism in America who had some similar ideologies, which they did put very differently in their content writing. In our analysis is the comparisons as well as the contrasts between the two literally works of seeing and nature as in the discussions. Henry David Thoreau is the writer of the seeing literally work and he implies the perspective of seeing... are...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of 'deviance' for FREE!

Contact Us