We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of 'deviance' - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Institution Tutor Sociological Approaches to the Study of Deviance Course/Number Date Department Introduction If there are theoretical frameworks that explain the concept and reality of deviance, then Marxism and functionalism must predominantly feature among them, because of their comprehensive scope and approach to deviance and crime…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Polish This Essay96.9% of users find it useful
Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of deviance
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of 'deviance'"

Download file to see previous pages Nevertheless, the similarity between the two is seen in both perspectives being structural theories that explain criminality as a broader social phenomenon. The main personality behind the functionalist theory is Emile Durkheim, who postulates that crime is inevitable in all societies. This is to the effect that even in a society of saints, there are saints that adhere to rules, closer than their counterparts. Marxists take the idea that crime results from an unjust social order, and therefore looks forward to a classless society where exploitation and ownership are inexistent and thereby making crime redundant. This is to say that while Marxism is primarily concerned with explaining why the criminal system is biased in towards the bourgeoisie, functionalists see crime as an integral part of all societies that are healthy. Actors That Break the Rules/Laws Necessary to Maintain Social Order (Functional) Functionalism has it that crime is helpful to the western societies, in that it sets boundaries for permissible behaviour. This is to the effect that public horror at despicable crimes can strengthen social solidarity. This makes the malefactor become acceptable or offers the society the chance to anlayse and reevaluate what it considers deviant, and thereby making the society more pluralistic. In the above development, if the malefactor was a shoplifter, then the society which he has wronged and breached its laws will have been provided with the chance to review the cause and dynamics of shoplifting. The need to reconsider facts and dynamics surrounding kleptomania, poverty and socioeconomic unequal relations between the haves and the have-notes may be applicable at this juncture. In this case, the shoplifter’s act of engaging in small time larceny will have served the society with the chance to make itself more egalitarian, in lieu of merely using the criminal justice system as a punitive measure against some riff raffs. At the same time, when an individual commits a crime, he provides the courts with a public forum where laws are constantly being tested and changed, so that protests of the law being static and irrelevant or outdated are addressed. In this light, credence can be lent to the observation that criminality provides a motor for legitimate social transformation. This standpoint may be seen to slightly correlate with Marxism which also sees the criminal justice system (the policing system, the prison and the judicial court systems) as being estranged from the plight of the contravener of social norms who may necessarily not be a malefactor in essence. Others such as Philips (2011, 1) argue that it is only through these developments that intellectuals are stirred from slumber and into meaningful pursuit. In light of the immediately foregoing, an individual who breaks rules or laws that are necessary for the maintenance of law and social order, serves the society some social good by opening a door for socio-cultural transformation and legislative dynamism. A Label Applied To Agents That Challenge the Class-Based Rules/Laws of Capitalist Society (Marxism) According to Marxism, an individual who breaks societal standards, roles and laws is one who is merely challenging the class-based rules or laws of a capitalist society. Marxists argue ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of Essay”, n.d.)
Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1465237-compare-and-contrast-any-two-sociological
(Compare and Contrast Any Two Sociological Approaches to the Study of Essay)
Compare and Contrast Any Two Sociological Approaches to the Study of Essay. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1465237-compare-and-contrast-any-two-sociological.
“Compare and Contrast Any Two Sociological Approaches to the Study of Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1465237-compare-and-contrast-any-two-sociological.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Two Approaches to Parenting

The author of the paper states that both authoritative and authoritarian approaches hold strict standards for children. Both tend to drive the children the way parents want. The main similarity between the two approaches is that both types of parents want the children to be disciplined and closely controlled.

2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Compare and contrast any two approaches to health care funding. Using evidences and examples, explore their relative strengths a
Different countries in the world have different types of health care systems. This depends on the organizational structures and the historical definitions that these nations have when it comes to health issues. The main objective of these health systems is the provision of good health to the entire population by ensuring that financial contributions are fair to everyone in the population.in terms of funding, many health care systems are funded differently.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Compare and contrast any two approaches to service design or transformation in healthcare setting. Using examples, explore their
8 Introduction The transformation of healthcare requires approaches or tools to realize its strategic plans and developments. One of these is the integration of technology as instrument to hasten diagnoses, medical services, and findings to satisfy the patients’ health needs.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Developmental Psychology (Compare and contrast two theoretical approaches to understanding the development of gender identity in
The gender identity develops in a child under influence of various factors about which different approaches reveal their own findings. In this paper we shall take up and discuss two theories relating to child gender identity and its development. This paper will present the points of similarity as well as contrasts between the two theories.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Compare and contrast the evaluation of liberal democracy in any TWO of the following approaches to Politics: Conservatism, Marxi
A liberal democracy is also referred to as a constitutional democracy or a bourgeois democracy. It may take many constitutional forms i.e. federal republic, or a constitutional republic, or a constitutional monarchy; a parliamentary system, or a presidential system or a hybrid semi-presidential system.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Criminal Justice Compare and Contrast rationalism and determinism. With reference to your readings, define these two approaches and study of criminal behavior
This paper will look in detail about the two aspects supporting them with necessary theories. In order define the two aspects, let us review some theories which supports each of the aspects so that we can have a clear definition of each. (Jenkins, 2005) There are several theories that try to put forward some explanations which postulate the theory of determinism.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Compare and contrast two developmental approaches to the study of developmental psychology. You must refer to research and theory in your answer
ning the two diverse stands towards a more unified view on humans who are always influenced both by hereditary factors and their cultural history (Valsiner & Connolly, 2003: 200). Developmental psychologists such as Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget formulated
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Compare and contrast ANY TWO of the following approaches to the governance of transnational corporations (TNCs)
Multinational corporations are more today than they were a few years ago. Global business is growing at a fast rate and focus is on how these businesses are governed (Bakan,
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Compare and contrast any two approaches to health care funding. Using evidences and examples, explore their relative strengths and weaknesses, and consider any opportunities and threats these approaches may generate. You should link your discussion to a s
Most countries around the world have some fears of increased expenditure and limited resources. These concerns about the crisis in health care expenditure has led to some changes in health systems,
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Write an essay in which you compare/contrast any two people whom you know
Although they are identical twins, they have a time interval of two minutes, Mary was the first one to be born and Jane came two minutes later. During birth, Mary was healthy and was of normal weight. In contrast, her twin sister Jane, was frail and
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Compare and contrast any two sociological approaches to the study of 'deviance' for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us