They include the Kurds, Greek Orthodox, Jews, Alevi, and Armenian. All these groups have their identities. The groups have, however, faced various forms of abuse of their rights. Muslim form the majority of the…
Download file to see previous pages...
nationalism have coincided with aspects such as modernization, democratization, globalization and Europeanisation (Keyman & Kanci 2011, p.318-336; Kaliber 2013, p.52-73). This paper will discuss the issue of identity in Turkey, with an emphasis on how the minority groups’ human rights are violated.
There have been frequent cases of war on terror in Turkey. In a report submitted during the Second International Conference of the EU Turkey Civic Commission, there was an amendment providing for life imprisonment for sympathisers and supporters of terrorists. However, the amendment of the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA), seemed to be abused by the Government. This resulted in a lot of disappearances, arrests without trials, and cases of torture have also been witnessed. There are allegations that a six-year-old girl was once held in prison under the same Terrorism Act (Great Britain 2006, p.102; Human rights watch 2015, para 1-4; Watson, Ivan, & Gul 2013, para 1-3).
Amnesty International has outlined the main issues regarding the declining human rights situation in Turkey. It seems that the judiciary has introduced new restrictions on internet freedom, a move that has curtailed the freedom of expression. Anti-terror statutes continue to be employed as a way of limiting freedom of speech. The government of Turkey has undermined the independence of the mainstream media. Most recently, the government banned the use of social media tool Twitter and YouTube (Pearce 2012, p.406-427; Eissenstat 2015, para 2).
Freedom of Assembly has also been restricted. The government has hindered peaceful demonstrations. Protests are not permitted and once spotted, the protestors are dispersed with excessive force by the police officers. Impunity is also high in Turkey. The police force has failed to conduct thorough investigations, especially on cases involving them. According to a report by Amnesty International, more than forty people were killed during protests in the Kurdish region of
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Originally, the doctrine proclaimed "the equality of all Ottomans," i.e., all subjects of the Ottoman Empire, without distinction of nationality and religion. But after Young Turks’ rise to power in 1908, this doctrine became an instrument of their struggle against national demands of the non-Turkish peoples and the ideological justification for their intention to create the Unified Ottoman Empire.
“The Lexus Problem” is a perfect example of a conscious choice contradicted by the will of the Other. As Smith's self is necessarily a part of the system in which the dealer (the Other) is also a part, his selfhood is consciously chosen within his mind, but compromised by an observer outside.
This agreement came into effect only on December 12, 1964. The Turkish inclusion has, since then been taking constant turns and twists. Turkey, geographically speaking, is large and has a foot in both, Europe and Asia. Many feel that the accession of the EU would bring in geo-political advantages to the Union.
The spread of globalization and rapid advances in information and communication technologies has implied that there is increasing spread of the political, social and cultural message and its reach in the World. Thus greater access to media implies that the concepts of liberalism as well as fundamentalism are spreading side by side.
As a quality of unself-conscious living, this can be gloriously obvious in a young person who has found himself as has found his communality. In him we see emerge a unique unification of what is irreversibly given - that is, body type and temperament, giftedness and vulnerability, infantile models and acquired ideals - with the open choices provided in available roles, occupational possibilities, values offered, mentors met, friendships made, and first sexual encounters.
The European Union, the Euro single currency, Schengen visa agreement, European Commission of Human Rights; socio-environmental issues such as ozone layer depletion, immigration and labour laws; even Football which is more than just a game in Europe - these are presently a medley of common interaction parameters.
Because of its position, Turkey ‘offers opportunities for trade and investment across a wide range of sectors; as well as its large domestic market, Turkey is an important trading gateway to the Middle East and neighbouring countries
Turkish is the main language in the country and an estimated 56million people use the language. The rich culture of the Turks comes from the Ottoman Empire which ruled the country some time back. Modern culture has been embraced by the Turks although it is yet to get a strong hold of the largely Muslim country.