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have for years worried over, designed rituals and made laws around situations that they perceive to threated or disturb the peace or communal fabric (Curra, 3).
Drugs are a great example of the relativity of defiance. It is interesting how drugs especially alcohol and tobacco are portrayed in schools and the perception that students in general get. As a result of continued stereotype, students view and classify alcohol and tobacco as illegal controlled substances, but in reality, these are legal consumer products. The reason the government allows adults but not students to purchase and consume these products, as they like, is because deviance is relative. Otherwise, why would the government avail dangerous substances to the public?
Drug related crimes are also punished differently just as marijuana laws have continued to evolve depending on societal standing. According to Curra (2011, 3), children raised in the suburbs are subjected to harsher punishment compared to their counterparts from Chicago Housing Projects. Relativity of deviance, therefore, continues to favor those of a higher social class in sentencing laws and in society. It was not until 2010 that ‘crack’ cocaine users received punishment that was at par with users of pure powder cocaine (Curra, 3). Before that, ‘crack’ cocaine was punished a hundred times more
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Basic questions on the causes of crime and deviance, the roots of social order, and the response of the criminal justice system have drawn the interests of some of the great thinkers of sociology (Ruggiero, South & Taylor 1998). The outcome is a remarkable line of sociological theories of crime, such as differential association, control, labelling, subcultural, etc (Carrabine, Iganski, Lee, Plummer & South 2004).
The author states that deviance is considered negative for the society, but the functionalist theorists have a different perspective of deviance. Functionalist theorist believe that deviance helps in strengthens the society and members of a society learn about what are non-deviant and deviant behaviors due to occurrence of deviance.
The Process Theories of Mate Selection suggest the relationships start at a common point which could be similar attitudes and interests. As couples grow familiar and comfortable with each other, they will start to “flock together” as the saying goes. Similarities in values and behaviors develop good communication, and, relatively, increase the tendency to develop trust and influence favorable relationships between couples.
This paper is aimed at providing a comparative study of sociological theories versus biological and psychological explanation of deviance. Sociological theories are different from the two, while the two affect the intrinsic characters of a person; sociology affects the outside character of a person.
In response to part 2, labeling theory is considered as a legitimate theory on the account that fits the events in real life situation, yet is also supported by various psychological theories. In response to question 3, the third version of the cultural deviancy theory is chosen to fit the description of criminal gangs on the basis that it involves organized groups that seek to advance self-vested interests.
Informal deviance involves infringement of informal social norms such as being nude in public places, loud belching and picking ones nose among others.
The concept of deviance is complex because the behaviors that people consider
Majority of people often confuse these two classes of deviance.
Social deviance is defined as human behaviors that violate social standards, thus endangering anger, dislike, or desire for punishment in a particular segment of the society. However, social deviances
The understanding of deviance can enable one to define what constitutes the norm within a society and that which is not. As a result of deviance within the society, different elements within the same societies are understood on the basis of the social normal and standards which have been established within the society.
The study examines the relationship between peer deviance and delinquent behavior in early adolescence and the impact of specific temperament dimensions on this relationship. It identifies the specific temperament dimensions that moderate the relationship
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