Deviant workplace behavior is considered as the behavior which is against the overall organizational norms. There are different examples or incidences where deviant behavior can actually be displayed by the workers. …
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From sociological perspectives, deviance is considered as a behavior which is against the social norms. Norms of any given society are considered as the expectations by which members of the society have to comply with and associate themselves. Similar argument therefore also goes for deviance in workplace wherein employees are supposed to meet certain expectations. Different surveys and studies however, indicated that as high as 75% of the employees may be engaged into deviant workplace behavior and more importantly they can engage into stealing of organization’s property. Further studies have also revealed that worsening economic conditions, fears of downsizing as well as the restructuring within the organization has further added to the deviant workplace behavior. There has been a greater emphasis on outlining the role of leadership in sourcing ethical behavior of the employees. Studies indicate the role of better conduct of leadership of the organizations to solicit behavior which is in accordance with the accepted norms of the organization. This paper will therefore discuss about the workplace deviance and how and why it happens within organizational context.. Nature and Meaning of Deviance It is argued that deviance has many contexts and meanings as different persons can interpret deviance in different manner. Deviant behavior of individuals in one place or social context may not be deviance in any other social setting. Deviance therefore is considered as confusing despite the fact that there is consensus on the general criteria of what deviance and deviant behavior is. (Steven H. Appelbaum, Deguire, & Lay, 2005) Deviance can take different and many forms however there is a debate regarding what particular elements can be considered as deviant in nature. The overall ambiguity regarding deviances becomes more serious when one behavior is accepted whereas same behavior is condemned by somebody else. This relative nature of deviance therefore creates dilemma in terms of defining it in its proper sense. There is therefore a strong tendency to have agreements and disagreements on certain issues causing deviance. This contradiction between different opposing views therefore is considered relatively important in terms of fully understanding the nature and meaning of deviance. The early conception of the word deviance in its proper sociological context outlined is outlined as collection of persons, conditions and act which a society generally disvalue, condemn or find them inappropriate. This suggests that deviance has a critical and stronger link with the society and how society and various groups of it view deviance as acceptable or regrettable behavior. This definition however seems to ignore an important element of how and why people actually label certain acts as deviant or against the acceptable behavior. Defining what is offensive or acceptable behavior therefore remains one of the key questions when outlining certain behaviors as deviant or not. Most of the focus of sociologists has remained fixated on understanding on what makes a behavior deviant, its nature and how actually one commit such deviant behavior. Since there are many norms which are set by the society therefor there are also different examples of deviance within different contexts. (Hodson, Simpson , & Simpson , 1997) Normative and Reactive interpretation of Deviance Relativist deviance outlines that there are no universal entities which can be defined or labeled as deviant. Rather society and social groups actually create the rules and when those rules are breached, deviance is created. Normative deviance
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