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Describe and assess marxist approaches to crime - Book Report/Review Example

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Summary
The UK government now effectively has two sets of figures: one compiled under the Tory system of accounting, which can be used to show that the New Labour government is doing better than the previous administration; the other, based on rule changes introduced in April 1998, which is used to give political impetus to New Labour's crime agenda.
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Describe and assess marxist approaches to crime
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Describe and assess marxist approaches to crime

Download file to see previous pages... The new figures provide an argument that even more needs to be done.
The largest percentage increases occur in the areas of harassment, racially aggravated crime and common assault. All these are key policy areas for the New Labour administration, and measures to deal with domestic violence, stalkers, hate crime and 'yob culture' loom large in the government's rhetoric.
By creating new crimes to count, the government has increased the total number of counted violent offences from 348,032 to 716,519. When crime is the dominant political coin, rampant inflation - 142 percent in the category 'violence against the person' - provides the justification for more police resources, more laws, more intrusion into people's behaviour and more manipulation of people's fears.
In complex and rapidly changing societies, there are dislocations between ends and means that encourage individuals to commit acts that are not defined as deviant. Deviance is somewhat more of a social problem rather than a personal trouble; it is a property of the social structure, not of the individual. As a consequence, the solution to deviance lies not in reducing the mismatch between structured goals and unstructured means.
In human groups that are growing and changing, class lines are not immutable. Individuals alter their class positions and the boundaries and strata may change. It is important to understand the relationship among social mobility, structural change and moral panic.
A central element in our culture is the value placed on improving one's position - through increased income, a job entailing more authority, an access to prestige, ability to have knowledge about technology.
Social mobility is a long standing problem for sociologists. People stand at different points on ladders of wealth, prestige and power. If we want to know where we stand, we have to know where others stand. Social phenomena are always relational, and class standing is a relative matter. Thus, even though people's situation improve or worsen, their standing may remain as it was.
Risks were also discussed by Marx indicating several risk preferences such as risk-taker, risk-neutral, risk averse. He used several cases or scenarios that clearly describe these preferences. Later on, he made use of economic principles and ideas that could be of good use to the detection and resolution of crimes such as homicide and murder.
Changes in cultural norms, technological achievements and economic and political affiliations have positive and negative implications and these changes need not cause moral panic for our society's standards have to keep up with the changing time in order for us to grow progressively.
If functionalism can be accused of understanding the degree of conflict in the society, the same cannot be said of Marxism. For Marx, the starting point for social analysis was the inherent conflicts - economic in origin - which exist in social classes. For Marx, a social class is a group of people who share a common economic position. In all forms of pre-socialist society. Marx claimed there were essentially two classes: those who owned the means of production and those who did not. Much of Marx's analysis concentrated on capitalist society. Under capitalism the two classes for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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