The Sociological Theories in Criminal Justice - Assignment Example

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This paper "The Sociological Theories in Criminal Justice" discusses social control theory, strain theory, differential association theory, and neutralizing theory to include their strength and weaknesses as well as one related case. Many sociologists use all approaches for a complete understanding…
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The Sociological Theories in Criminal Justice
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Download file to see previous pages In addition, family, peers, and teachers serve as agents in whom the individual learns his values and develop his attitude. However, with the absence of commitment, deviance results since members find no point of conforming to the norms imposed by their group without fear of disapproval. The strong social control makes the members give importance to the opinion of other members. In the event, one of this becomes defective, so with the behavior of its members.The concept of strain theory was based on the idea of anomie originally coined by Durkheim and was popularized by Merton, Cohen, Cloward, Ohlin, and Agnew among others. Strain theory posits that the social structure in the society play a role in the deviant behaviors of a person. Strains come in the form of inadequate provision of social structures, regulations, dysfunctional institutions, an unstable equilibrium. In a society where wealth is a symbol of success, individuals behave in certain ways to adapt to the demand of becoming wealthy. Merton suggests several modes to adapt to the demand of reaching material success. One is through ritualism where the individual compulsively conforms to the institutional means. As a result, he blindly follows the rules and regulations without regard to the goal of the organization he belongs. If a person accepts the goal imposed by the society but accomplishes them in an unacceptable means, then he is employing innovation as observed for individuals who steal money to support expensive vacation. Retreatism is the withdrawal from both the goals and means of the society usually employed by vagrants and drug addicts. Rebellion is a strategy in which it involves the attempt to create new structure. This is employed by ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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