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People misuse the two terms as if they are identical. Whenever they appear together, people regard them as similar. Race bases on the premise of physical and biological differences. These may appear in elements as the cranial shape and size, hair type, and skin color. Ethnicity on the other hand is a term derived from culture. It is an embodiment of institution, behavior patterns, values, and a whole composite that represents historical experience of people, worldview, and their aspirations.
Social dimensions of ethnicity and race are crucial factors shaping people live in United States. Minority groups according to sociologist concerns political and economic power, or the group’s powerlessness. The social constructions of ethnicity and race are generated to perpetuate or establish certain group privileges. Increase in group identity leads to conflict. There are disparities in the context of African Americans, Hispanic, American Asian, Native Americans and other groups (Bauman, 1996). The disparities arise in different sectors including, health, education, jobs, residential and other areas. People with poor education, poor health, and poor residential and poor jobs are considered the minority. In United States, there are few problems regarding health, jobs, education, equality and residential, to the well-of people. The disparities are due to varying lifestyle and socioeconomic stratifications that shape life in America. People of varying social status live different lives in almost all aspects; work careers, family and marriage experience, childhood circumstances, leisure, healthcare, education, and neighborhood conditions. Stereotypes arise because of the physical differences among races (Bauman, 1996). Prejudice can lead to discrimination, although they are independent. Typical discrimination and prejudice against African Americans has foundation in the slavery history in the United States. Asian Americans on the other hand are perceived to be ideal
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Freedom Writers and the Economics of Race and Gender:
The movie Freedom Writers is one of the most touching to have come out of Hollywood in recent years. Starring Hilary Swank in a lead role, the movie takes up a subject that is at the heart of American culture, namely juvenile delinquency and ways of dealing with it.
On the other hand, race refers to biological subspecies that consist of individuals with similar biological traits that are socially significant distinguishable from other races. Racial distinction is on basis of skin color, color of the hair, and other specific facial features that cluster in to a single distinct group of people.
s that accompanied the shift to neo-liberal policies” (Hancock & Garner 2009, p. 189). Hall’s writings and his public discourses predominantly focuses on issues related to race, ethnicity, culture, media and political hegemony. In his approach to race Hall points out how Marxist writers have naturalized the idea of race.
Members of a racial group use ethnic symbols as a method of identification, since this helps in creating a distinction between them, and other racial groups. These badges can either be their style of dressing, language and religion (Flax, 36). Biological characteristic such as the color of their skin is also an important indicator of a racial group.
There are many kinds of races and ethnicities in the world that create a difference from one geographic area to another. Countries have become interconnected over the years and there has been lots of travel, migration and mingling of all sorts that have made the presence of all races all over the world.
However, the stories of these uprooted people are always not ornamented with glittering dreams and joyous heart. Behind their peppy talk and sunny smile are the hidden stories of endless tears, countless fears, pang of being discriminated as something inferior and most importantly to spend years in a state where they are neither properly aware of their culture nor have been able to transport themselves completely into the United States of America culturally or mentally.
Ethnicity, though quite similar to race, also encompasses the social traits that are shared by a certain human population. These traits include religious faith, languages, nationality, and shared culture and traditions.
The terms race and
e cultural, religious, behavioural, and geographical commonalities that are imputed to people belonging to a particular area, as opposed to genetic inheritance. The boundaries of authenticity are also very fluid and can depend on political, social, and historical situations.
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