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"How important have the media been to construction of negative social images of bikers Discuss the reference to at least one biker subculture"
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This is because main stream media is more focused on the organized crime elements of these groups and the gang related violence that usually involves the members of these groups, in this case, with reference to the United Kingdom. This is not to dispute the fact that these things actually happen, but some of these activities are given undue attention by the media. Biker gangs are therefore victims of stigma due to past moral panics. In this paper, I will attempt to look at the history of the gangs and other factors that justify their actions as is depicted by the media.
Biker groups commit crime due to pressure from the immediate society. Most members of the gangs come from groups of people who are from poor economic backgrounds and who join gangs so as to feel a sense of belonging. A clear instance is when the members of a certain gang can decide to traffic drugs so as to expand their sources of income. This may be an illegitimate activity but it is the only way they can achieve a goal that is approved by society, that of being financially independent. This is known as the concept of anomie. This theory was developed by Robert Merton. This states that an individual under effect of anomie can have a goal approved by the society but would use illegal ways to achieve that goal.
There is the common notion that laws were made by the higher class members of the society to serve their interests. This is the Marxist theory. Following this line of thought, it implies that the criminal and justice system is not equal to all and can be used as a means to exploit lower members of the society. In this case, bikers commit crimes as a form of revolution; this is because of alienation by the superiors. Most of the older members of biker gangs around the world are war veterans. When they came back from the war they were despised by the general public and the media as a whole. Many were left with no homes, no jobs and felt bitter at the government for this
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