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Regardless of the increasing number of soldiers throughout time and various military conflicts sharing related symptoms, the American Psychiatric Association did not officially acknowledge Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) until the year 1980. PTSD, an anxiety turmoil brought about by exposure to distress, is now a generally acknowledged diagnosis that is experienced by both genders (Chaumba & Bride, 2010). Some of the universal symptoms may include; invasive thoughts, dodging of stimuli connected to the trauma and continuous symptoms of augmented stimulation. PTSD makes no favoritism as it can ensue to any person who has been open to the elements of a traumatic happening. However, for purposes of this research paper, the focus will be limited to the diagnosis, effects and treatment of PTSD in military; specifically from veterans between the Vietnam-era and Iraq/Afghanistan deployments as stated by Chaumba & Bride (2010).
Despite various studies showing that some women are more susceptible to PTSD than men, many mental health professionals generally keep on diagnosing PTSD in male soldiers at a higher rate than females (Feczer & Bjorklund, 2009). One supposition for this inconsistency explains that for most military conflicts, women were not allowed to serve in front-line combat positions (Feinstein & Sinyor, 2009). However, in present day combat situations, a good number of female soldiers hold roles that place them in direct battle zones, thus escalating their threat of being open to the elements of combat-related distress at similar levels to those of their male counterparts.
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Research into the antecedents of the disorder has shown a number of factors that have set the ground for the development of PTSD. These factors include experiences during childhood, mental illness, changes in brain functioning and the presence of stressors in the person’s life.
PTSD may lead a person to encounter several problems like troubled sleeping, nightmares, aggression, feeling alone, worried, guilty or sad. Description: The article chosen for description and discussion is written by Bryant et al. (1998) i.e. “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury”.
PTSD is related to life-altering or life-threatening situations such as battlefield conditions in war, rape, assault, and other emergency situations where an individual or people closely related to an individual suffer tragic violence and the threat of death.
PTSD entails invasive and frequent memories concerning the trauma and avoiding circumstances that remind the victim of the previous trauma. The victim develops fear whenever he or she encounters a similar situation that that is likely to cause the actual events.
Treatment 1. Pharmacological Treatment 2. Generics and Trade Names 3. Side Effects II Summary A. Stress B. Relationship to Practice C. Summary Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Introduction One of the most problematic anxiety disorders is post traumatic stress disorder.
The writer of this essay claims that psychological trauma has caused horror and terror in people for a long time. It comes from experiences that confront an individual, society or community, with devastating effects, or even death. It is also stated that the spiritual, biological or physical experience that one goes through is known as traumatic stress.
The resources were used because they were easily accessible and highly beneficial. They had the relevant information that was required moreover, the information from these sources are accurate. Consequently, the interview with Doctor Jihad who is a
While it is normal for people to have differing responses and coping methods to traumatic events, it is unusual for adjusting and coping to exceed an extended period of time. If such adjustment and coping to a traumatic event does not subside after a while, the individual is
The current criteria of diagnosing PSTD is DSM-IV and with the latest being DSM-V. DSM-IV addressed PSTD as an anxiety disorder. The diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV for PSTD incorporated the exposure history to a distressful event and signs for every of the
Anxiety, panic, post-traumatic stress disorder, and dissociative disorders are a common set of reaction that develop on people who have been through the traumatic experience. This presentation orients towards a particular group of individuals, in this case, combat veterans’ who have been to war field or group of persons with the same kind of experience.
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