Ivan Blumenthal (2002) presents a discussion on the pathophysiology, clinical signs, management, investigation as well as diagnosis and its related outcomes and prevention measures of shaken baby syndrome. He attributes shaken baby syndrome…
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Mild clinical signs may include, but not limited to, irritability, lethargy and poor feeding whereas severe signs may include shock, convulsion and unconsciousness. Also, frequent shaking leads to skeletal and eye injuries such as posterior rib fractures and bilateral or unilateral retinal haemorrhages respectively.
Management, investigation and diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome entail skeletal survey and thorough investigation in ascertaining imposed injury. Emergency management would be provided in the case of an unknown cause in a seriously unconscious infant. Such management includes the provision of life support and the engagement of social services and the police so as to enable forensic examination. Differential diagnosis could also be applied in chronic subdural haematomas. Mortality and morbidity outcomes of imposed injury remain worse than accidental injuries. Similarly, poor outcomes relate to low Glasgow coma balance, length of unconsciousness and young age. It remains that the only sure prevention measure would be never ever to shake babies most notably in their infant ages. Hence, magnetic resonance imaging through diffusion weighting stays as the definite, most sensitive and fastest method of ascertaining a shaking injury (Blumenthal, 2002).
Similarly, the Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (2001) provided a technical report regarding rotational cranial injuries in shaken baby syndrome. The Committee attributes shaken baby syndrome to violent shaking that leads to extreme acceleration of rotational cranial injuries in infants. Further insight into the contribution of parents and caretakers to shaken baby syndrome as well as the involvement of the community in management becomes evident in the report. Abusive behaviors from caretakers and parents may result from, but not limited to, unrealistic expectations of
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Clinical manifestations of this disease include hypotonia, hypo-gonadism(small genitalia, absent or delayed pubertal development, infertility), hyper-phagia(morbid obesity), sleeping disorders, short stature, temperature dys-regulations, osteoporosis, scoliosis, growth hormone insufficiency (Cassidy and Driscoll, 2009), mental retardation, developmental disabilities, high pain threshold, skin picking(Yearwood etal., 2011) and behavioral characteristics such as compulsive behavior, psychiatric disorders and cognitive delays.
In fact, more than just the performance of routine tests, such as checking the pulse and the blood pressure, is involved. Characterized by unselfish acts and self-sacrificing spirit, they play an integral part in the patient’s recovery. It would be interesting to know how this profession explored and continue to progress while meeting the challenges throughout the years.
The article that is being analyzed is titled ‘Strategic Decision Making’ and it is by the author Charles R. Schwenk. The research problem that is under consideration is the evaluation of the factors that affect the strategic decision making in the organizations.
The author also proved a predominant relationship amid SCNIA, DS and GEFS+ spectrum mainly characterized by marked phenotypic inconsistency besides the seizure onset age, seizure types, severity and unpredictable cognitive outcome. Initially, SCN1A mutations were evident in epilepsy syndrome: earlier known as Generalized Epilepsy with Febrile Seizure+.
It has long been agreed that babies are a blessing, and it is thus they should be treated with the utmost care and love in order to ensure that they grow up enjoying a healthy and happy life. One of the ways of doing this is ensuring that there are no complications along the way, and if any should arise, they should be noted early enough for the parent to be able address the situation it is too late (Welton, 2010).
While ethics remain fundamental in almost all professions, various ethical elements only apply to particular profession. Several discrete components could be identified as generally constituting professional ethics including, honesty, respectfulness, obedience to the law among others.
The long-term consequences of SBS can include permanent learning disabilities, physical disabilities, partial or total blindness, hearing impairment, speech disabilities, cognitive disabilities, cerebral palsy, seizures, behavioral disorders and death (Brain Injury Association of America, N.D.).
Definition. According to Dr. Robert Reece of Tufts University School of Medicine, Shaken Baby Syndrome is the medical term describing the numerous signs and symptoms of an infant being violently shaken that created an impact in the head (National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome, 2007).
plain that while personality research has revealed a wealth of information about various aspects of the concept (DeYoung, 2010), little has been revealed about the neurological structures that underlie the formation and influence of individual traits (Jackson, Balota, & Head,
(2013). Cost effectiveness of patient education for the prevention of falls in hospital: economic evaluation from a randomized controlled trial. BMC Medicine, 11, 135. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-11-135.
American Nurse Today. (2011, March
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