He played a major role in the development of social movements along with a significant role he played as a historian along with being a remarkable revolutionary socialist. He articulated a great socialist theory known popularly…
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ation in the society and how the social classes and political structure of a society can have an impact on the economic activity going on in the society.
Materialist theory was modified and many variations were made to the original theory which was of Karl Marx. However the original theory known as historical materialism or the materialist conception of history talks about the events in a society which are based on the dialectic situations which are between two opposing forces or the classes of the society. For Marx the concept of dialectic was important and effective however he discarded the Hegel’s concept which was based on idealism. He believed in the existence of the real world. Marx did not believe or agree with the ideologies presented by the society as for him they were a hindrance in the clear and vivid picture of the material conditions of the society.
The analysis of Marx was basically on the division and dissimilarity based on the production means such as the natural resources, land and also technology which makes the material goods production possible, this distinction was with the production and the social relationships which are created during the production process between people. The mode of production was important and according to Marx societies changes their mode of production and he made a statement about the European society which adapted the capitalist production format moving ahead of the feudal production method.
Marx was in favor of the capitalist mode and the capitalist class as for him it has potential to grow and there is also incentive offerings which takes place in this case, reinvestment which is made through the profits generated into the new technologies is a very important incentive. For Marx revolution could be brought by the capitalist society as it helps in the revolutions brought by the production means. The social relationships which are made during the production phase are less constant with the change as appose to the
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The workers perform labor; they generate output for companies (Plamenatz 1975, 263). The companies sell these products and obtain revenue from it. The revenue earned is invested by companies to invest in machinery which in turn replaces the workers. For example, in the past workers were being used to do construction, but now machines do all the work thus unemployment has increased.
Marx has presented extensive argument for his stance and against the existing social structure that he strive to change and uproot in order to establish a society that was free from the strains and shackles of workmanship, bondage, and capitalism (Marx). Although the Manifesto covers a lot of topics in great depth, a complete analysis of the book is beyond the scope of this paper.
I will also shed light on Marx's notion of affluence, what Marx says about wealth and charity, Marx’s solution to this problem and how he justifies it. I shall also attempt to explain what Marx meant when he wrote ‘worker of the world unite’ and ‘religion is the opium of the masses’.
This led to his historical materialism theory, which says that social phenomena do not exist in isolation; rather they are interconnected, and any analysis of institutions must be done to include looking at their historical developments and contradictions in order to reconcile them Human relations in society must be approached in this light.
(Critical Theory at a Crossroad: Adorno, Marcuse, and the Radical Sixties) Though Marx believed in the increasing development of history, and also in the unavoidable ruin of capitalism, he believed that by the destroying the support of capitalism he would be able to hurry the total fall of capitalism and thus bring forth a socialist era.
He distinguished between appearances and reality, believing that historically and socially, ideology is what has prevented people in societies from seeing the material conditions of their lives clearly. This belief has been updated and made relevant to today's society through a recent documentary filmed by Morgan Spurlock titled Super Size Me.
Arguably, the fact that Marx's writings remain largely bereft of explicit moral theories has been, historically, one reason why his conclusions are so appealing. That is, we cannot successfully attack Marx's philosophy from potentially debatable ethical foundations.
The bourgeoisie can be seen as a huge mechanism that destroys all that hinders its market trade and the accumulation of capital. In this respect, Marx drew attention to the fact that the strengthening of the bourgeoisie led to the fact that society has become divided into two classes: a class of the poor and a class of the rich.
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