Nobody downloaded yet

Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist approach to the study of history - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Strengths and Weaknesses Theory of History Historical Materialism When the common person thinks of history, images of struggle and adversity, triumph and conquest are called to the mind. The average person believes that the story of humanity is one of good versus evil, right against wrong…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91% of users find it useful
Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist approach to the study of history
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist approach to the study of history"

Download file to see previous pages This created an idea which precluded the relevance of morality, created an inherent contradiction in history, and failed to answer the lasting question of humanity: Why does the world operate in the manner in which it does? However, this theory also holds an underlying hope for a utopian, egalitarian society which allows all to live in comfort and safety. The exploration of this theory has lasted throughout decades as the human search for the order of the universe continues. What is Historical Materialism? The basic premise is that we as human beings must labor in order to obtain daily necessities, food, shelter, and clothing. These are undeniable facts of life, Marx proclaims, and when the admission is made that this is true the entire idea of the way we live is turned around. G.A. Cohen in his book, “Karl Marx’s Theory of History”, maintained that the heart of historical materialism is the notion that through the process of history there is “a tendency towards growth of human productive power.” (Cohen, 1978, p 364). Societies and economic structures, said Cohen of the theories premise, rise and fall depending upon their promotion or impediment of that growth (1978). Marx believed, as evidenced in the infamous 1859 Preface to his book A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy that man’s consciousness is dependent upon “societal productions”. These “societal productions” are dependent upon the “modes of production” said Marx. The “modes of production” form the societal structures which are the ways in which all structures, political and economic, are formed. From the arising of these societal and class structures comes dissatisfaction and “the era of social revolution,” according to G.A. Cohen in his book Karl Marx’s Theory of History (1978, p. 364-365). Marx followers, in this manner, seek to disrupt the way in which the common man views change. Change, according to the theory does not arise because of a new “consciousness” but instead societal structures and the natural shift or, change, over time causes the new “consciousness”, and thus, societal upheaval—a revolution. In Cohen’s interpretation of the Marx Theory of History a picture is painted of the image of a cyclical pattern which governs the process of history. In the first stage, production is not powerful enough to produce a surplus, thus there is no basis by which a class system could be formed. There is a classless society, not, according to the theory, because there is some underlying vision of social justice, but because the present circumstances dictate primitive egalitarianism (Cohen, 1978, 364-65). In the second stage, productive power becomes such that there is enough surplus to create an exploiting class, but not enough for “capitalist accumulation”. Producers are not in contractual relationships but instead are submitted to slavery. In the third stage of the cycle, a large surplus occurs and a society turns to capitalism. However, the surplus will continue, according to the theory, until capitalism becomes unsustainable and a “non-primitive communism” emerges, “the modern classless society”. “This” said Cohen “is the story of humankind in my reading of the doctrine…” (Cohen, 1978, p. 364-365) Weaknesses of Historical Materialism This theory, and the implications which it bears, has certain weakness when examined. First, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist approach to the Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Assess the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Marxist Approach to the Essay)
“Assess the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Marxist Approach to the Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist approach to the study of history

Marxist Approach

.... Dynamics of Globalization One of the historical trends specifically relevant in the modern age is the progress toward globalization. Postmodernism approach has formed an intellectual practice that has questioned a variety of perspectives. Whatever are the postmodern theorist’s concerns, we are still in capitalist mode of production. Except technological intensification, capitalism has not been transformed into different socio-economic formation. However, in the highest form of capitalism, dramatic change has happened in the globalization. Hence, for the ‘Application’ section study, globalization is more relevant topic. History has shown that every society has changed because of the...
37 Pages(9250 words)Essay

Strengths and Weaknesses of Genetic Testing

...? Strengths and Weaknesses of Genetic Testing No: Strengths and Weaknesses of Genetic Testing Genetic testing examines the DNA molecule for any genetic disease or any illness present in the molecule. Chemical test including the product of gene such as enzymes and proteins also include in the genetic testing. It has the ability to detect the problem precisely and bears a huge potential. Advancements in the field would bring a great future in the medical care. However, some societal responses towards the genetic testing are not entertaining. Genetic testing is basically a most modern technique of checking genetic disorders in which direct enzymes and other proteins have...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist perspective on globalization

...of the strengths that are brought out in the perspective on globalization. His thoughts on international trade prove what is happening will continue to happen (Held & McGrew 2002). This is as the diversification of products into diverse markets ensures that the richer nations continue to exploit poorer nations. This is while getting richer, and becoming more industrialised and developed. Weaknesses of the Marxist perspective on globalization The diverse conclusions that Karl Marx comes up with are not entirely flawless. This is where the weaknesses to his perspective on globalization are shown. For instance, Marx’s perspective fails to explain the occurrence of phenomena...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Strengths and weaknesses of viral marketing

...? Strengths and weaknesses of viral marketing Introduction Viral marketing is a form of product promotion where information is spread verbally from one person to the other or via the internet. When customers like a product or a concept, they like to share the experience with friends, relatives and colleagues, and in turn those people share with their network of friends making the concept or product ‘go viral’ (Blythe, 2005, P.110). This paper evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of viral marketing, in addition to, research evidence on strategies of viral marketing. Literature review Researchers investigating the network of referral for different products indicate that...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Shell market position, strengths/weaknesses

...(Verity, 2006). Their gas and Power Division stretches over 35countries (Gas & Power, 2006). An internal assessment of the strengths and weakness is essential especially an understanding of the business environment to remain competitive. They were quick to recognize their weakness and transform the strategic management concept into operating strategic planning units within the company (Siembieda, n.d.). These units introduced the widespread use of multiple scenarios rather than a single prediction, forecast or trend. This strengthened its capacity for absorbing information from multiple sources on a continuous basis. This helped it to position itself in the emerging...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Security Strengths and Weaknesses of the Internet

...Security Strengths and Weaknesses of the Internet Before going into the discussion regarding security strengths and weaknesses of the internet, let us get a better understanding of what internet security actually is. Internet security is a type of security related to the internet. The main purpose behind implementing internet security measures are to reduce the occurrence of risks and threats related to transfer of information over the internet. Internet security provides various significant benefits to the internet users. Internet security is very important for a person who keeps or sends important data over the network. “A basic knowledge of internet security is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

My Strengths and Weaknesses

...My Strengths and Weaknesses As every aspect of life has its advantages as well as disadvantages, similarly a human being cannot be perfect. Every person has some weaknesses and strengths. In a circle of friends or in the company of people one can get to know his or her strengths and weakness quickly. People’s view about me, particularly those with whom I spend most of my time, is that I have many strengths among which the most prominent is my leadership skills. People around me are of the view that I have a quality of finding solution to the problems rather than worrying about the situation. Apart from this, people...
1 Pages(250 words)Personal Statement

Strengths and weaknesses of quasi-experimental designs

...Strengths and weaknesses of quasi-experimental design Quasi-experimental design is an alternative to experimental design that is not generally applicable in all real life situations. Its major characteristics are the researcher’s inability to control the involved variables and it lacks the randomization property. This paper explores strengths and weaknesses of the design and looks into its advantages over classical experiments in conducting criminal justice research. Strengths and weaknesses of the quasi-experimental design One of the strengths of the quasi-experimental design is its wide applicability in real life situations. This makes it possible to study phenomenon that cannot be possibly studied under experimental design due... and...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

My Strengths and Weaknesses

...My Strengths and Weaknesses Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Inserts (Day, Month, Year) My Strengthsand WeaknessesStrengths My greatest strength I pride myself about is an excellent time management skills, efficiency and organization. I am one person who capitalizes any opportunity in a positive way within a given deadline as well as exceeding my goals if necessary. Secondly, under analytical personality, I believe I am a quick learner. In most cases, if not all the time, I strive to get things right the first time, every time. I am able to do this because of my ability to keep feeling and emotions away from decisions. Weaknesses On the other side, my worst weakness is that am not able to express may capabilities fully verbally... Strengths...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment


...STRENGHTS AND WEAKNESSES affiliation An organization structure helps a company to move forward in its business and mission. A vertical pyramidal hierarchy that departmentalizes all activities according to their functions characterizes the traditional functional structure. It has a variety of advantages and disadvantages (Radford, 2011, p. 3). It creates an environment for proper communication since employees are related in terms of job within departments and this enhances coordination. According to Das (2012), it has a hierarchy structure that creates accountability and privileges where directives are unified and clear. It turns employees into expert specialists since there is division of labor. However, it also has its...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist approach to the study of history for FREE!

Contact Us