In social sciences, research is perceived to be problematic because; it is possible to have different interpretations of data collected and with differing interpretations defined by each specific observer. …
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The use of qualitative approach in research allows the researcher to have the freedom to explore data according to their knowledge and skills; this makes it possible to have different authors with different views on social worlds, where a concept derives different interpretations. However, qualitative research in social sciences enables a researcher to investigate and interpret phenomena that may not be investigated through quantitative research. Such includes social relations, effects of certain behaviors, and filling the gaps that are usually created by quantitative research in finding meaning and explaining relations between data sets (Nuemann, 42). In this report, several aspects of qualitative research will be investigated, how they are applied in social research, with reasons being forwarded to explain their usage.
Survey and ethnography research
Ethnography derives its meaning from cultural anthropology, from which its methodological and conceptual approaches were borrowed (Krishnaswarmy, Sivakumar, and lyer, 173). Ethnography may therefore be explained to be the study of cultures by observing cultural trends closely, while reading and interpreting meanings in these cultures. Such ethnography research has to be based on the field of culture under study, conducting activities which are referred to as field work (Krishnaswarmy, Sivakumar, and lyer, 173).
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Many practitioners of qualitative research technique study human behaviour in depth and get to know its driving factors. For instance, what makes a culture or civilization? What are the factors that make people identify a community? The answers to these questions are sought through qualitative research.
As qualitative research seeks to gather in-depth and detailed data, samples used herein are smaller and more focussed as compared to the commonly used large sample sizes (Camic, Rhodes & Yardley, 2003). In psychology, qualitative research has been described as the type of research whose findings and observations are not obtained via statistical means or any other quantitative techniques (Howitt, 2013).
Qualitative research involves an interpretive and naturalistic approach to its subject matter. The data which makes a contribution to the research questions or any existing information is given priority by the research (Howitt, 2013). In the health care, to understand the values of the evidence from qualitative research to systematic reviews, it is important to consider the varied diffuse nature of evidence.
More than anything else, qualitative research allows the researcher to explore the possible paths s/he might take in the course of research. While quantitative research provides a predetermined path to analysis and interpretation, qualitative research is mainly exploratory and the researcher, at every stage of the study, undergoes unexpected discoveries and realizations about the topic at hand.
The outcome of the study, according to Hubbard, clearly enunciates a gender-based disparity in the aspirations and strategies adopted by the minority students, and contradicts the pioneering views of the educational anthropologist, John
to establish why people have certain attitudes, behaviors, lifestyles, motivations and value systems among other characteristics (Qsrinternational, Nd). Normally, qualitative research is based on the analysis of information that is either formal or unstructured. As opposed to
communication skills all which is evident in students who have had their teaching experience abroad and especially a country whose first language is not English and hence most students and individuals do not know or understand English. The third theme got from the interview is
Its goal is to describe life experiences as they are lived. This will enable the researcher to carry out a research project that appreciates the need to enforce the law and the challenges that it creates for