It refers to disruption or breakdown in a person’s normal pattern of functioning. A crisis involves situations that cannot be resolved by the individual’s problem-solving skills (Parad & Parad, 1990).
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It is essential to anticipate what may happen and how to react during and after the crisis (CMHS, 2008). Therefore, intervention measures have to be set up so as to manage the crisis.
As a result, several steps have been formulated to handle crises in schools. This includes identifying who will be in charge of organizing responses for the crisis. Once identified, the planners (members of staff) can work out procedures and criteria concerning matters such as who will assume what roles and functions in responding to the crisis (USA, 2007).
Once the stakeholders are identified, establish what crisis the plan will address. This entails classifying what a crisis for the school is based on the needs, vulnerability and assets of the school. Next is to identify the different roles and responsibilities for those involved to create an organizational system such as who will direct the student during the crisis. When planning for a crisis in school communication to staff, student and families should be addressed; this is necessary for conveying information on how to go about the crisis. The planning should also include a way of obtaining the necessary equipment and supplies (CMHS, 2008).
Lastly, practice is necessary when planning for a crisis in school. Staff exercises and emergency drills for the whole school have proved to be effective in testing the procedures specified in a crisis plan. This identifies problems in the crisis plan that need to be addressed. (CMHS, 2008).
Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. (2008). Responding to a crisis at a school. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, Practical Information on Crisis
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Different kinds of crisis could hit an organization, and these crises could be of varying probabilistic occurrences. Hence, the management has to weigh the costs and benefits of investing resources to this exercise before going forward with it. Moreover, irrespective of the nature and intensity of a real crisis, the way it gets projected in the media can have an effect on the way the crisis is perceived by stakeholders.
To this end, devising a democratic and an all-inclusive management approach that ensures that the inputs of as many professionals in the field of healthcare as possible are brought on board is necessary (Lerbinger, 2012, p. 14). This is because even though the crisis was a national epidemic in most countries and demanded governmental interventions, not all government and public officials had the needed professional health knowledge to address the problem.
The ability of the government to intervene in a crisis and to neutralize it determines the impact of the conflict, which at times may be beyond rehabilitation. The world has experienced numerous crises that have been recorded in the world history as dangerous conflict situations that resulted in the death of many people in the world.
According to Seeger (Seeger, Sellnow & Ulmer, 1998) there are three elements common to most definitions of crisis : a) a threat to the organization b) the element of surprise and c) a short decision time.
Crisis management deals with crisis not when the crisis arises and finishes but it starts well in advance before a crisis happens and when the crisis has ended.
(Barnett 2006). The objective of this paper is to shed light on the lack of managerial skills of a particular supervisor who failed to productively lead his supervisors towards attaining the goals of the organization. The paper will also explain the essential skills that a manager should have to be successful.
There are advantages and disadvantages for choosing between following the prevailing marketing strategies that have existed form many years and changing to the more dynamic and chaotic strategy of a fast paced business environment. The business environment consists of internal environment composed of employees and owners or investors and creditors and the external environment composed of the customers, suppliers, competitors, government,
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an obstacle or the period when individuals experience a negative mood shift and are commonly disorganized and insuperable by the use of customary methods of problem solving, within which many attempts to abort changes are made. Crisis state usually cannot be resolved by using
y in that definition is the word change, bearing in mind that a crisis occurs without prior warning it is paramount to manage it well to minimize the effects. These can only occur if an effective plan for management is in place. Therefore, strategies and measures used in
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