It examines the political party choices for candidates in the 2008 presidential elections and the implications of those choices. The paper will have an introduction on the situation preceding the election…
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The 2008 United States presidential election was unique from past elections in many ways. The most significant differences were that for the first time in the nation’s history, there was a black man vying on a Democratic ticket for the presidency and a woman vying as running mate for the Republican candidate. As stated by Hollar (2009), the Democratic Party nomination of Mr. Barrack Obama and the picking of Mrs. Sarah Palin for the Republican running mate were unprecedented. For the first time, voters were presented with candidates of different races and gender. The traditional voter considerations still lingered, like, which candidate was best suited for The White House, what do the candidates stand for on important issues like the economy, education, health, security, etc.? Additionally, the voters had to also ask themselves if they were ready for a black president or a woman vice-president. Debates were centered around racial and gender issues, with both sides trying to downplay them and asking Americans to instead vote on issues.
The differences on the issues on governance for the two parties are centered mainly on government, social values, and taxation. Obama was for a government used as a tool for the greater good, he supported modern values, and progressive taxation. Sarah Palin supported empowerment of the individual to promote greater good, traditional family values, and small government with low taxation. However, according to University of Michigan (2008), these issues seemed to be overshadowed by race and gender issues, which brought about discussions on the compatibility of political leadership and social identities. A great deal of media coverage remained narrow and stereotypical. Both teams had to overcome these stereotypes. Examples of negative stereotypes they had to confront included, black people cannot offer guidance on economy and defense, women cannot comprehend the
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Gender is therefore a dynamic entity as compared to sex which is a fixed entity. Mostly the identification of gender is based on the biological characteristics. Among the people, the definition of who is a man or a woman is attributed to the roles that they play.
This argument leads to the debate whether gender biases exist in workplaces. It is arguable that female and male are able to show similar characteristics when performing their duties. Further, the debate on the treatment of various genders in workplaces helps to test whether equality exists in the society.
The landmark ruling by the Supreme Court in the case Brown v. Board of Education 1954 saw immense dismantling of most forms of de jure racial discrimination and segregation. However, in a different form, five decades down the line, the US remains segregated as it was before (Susan, 17).
From then on, EU incessantly addresses the issues pertaining to the equality between men and women. As a result, the scope of the activities of the EU on this ground has developed broadly, thus, directly influencing women's day-to-day lives ("EWL and the European legislation on equality for women and men" 2004).
For instance, sexuality and gender are interrelated because there is a close link between gender differences and sexual behavior of individuals. For instance, researchers argue that women are "naturally" more sexual than men, according to historical, cultural, and political construction of sexuality. Class and race are interrelated concepts determining social variables and ethnic differences in the social environment.
The contours of the earnings distributions for males and females tend to differ significantly and consequently the ratio of female to male earnings vary conspicuouslyacross the profile of the distribution. The analysis of gender earnings differences undertake employs the decomposition techniques to distinguish the effects of gender specific factors from those associated with the underlying wage structure of an economy.
Other definition has compared equality with the uniformity of the surface. While more definitions have defined equality in the mathematical terms of being equal to (=), yet others have defined it as the term of likeness in the quantitative or qualitative
The author states that women specifically have been neglected in major decision making processes in their homes as well as in the government especially when they show interest in joining politics. On the other hand, several initiatives have been brought forward to promote and advance policies for gender equality.
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