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Community Development - Essay Example

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Summary
C.J. Galpin coined the word "community" in relation to delineating rural communities in terms of the trade and service areas surrounding a central village (Harper & Dunham, 1959:19). A number of definitions had been put forward thereafter. Some on a group of people living in a particular place; and others looked to community as an area of common life…
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Community Development

Download file to see previous pages... Cohen further argues the reality of community lies in its members perception of the vitality of its culture people construct community symbolically, making it a resource and repository of meaning and a referent of their identity (Cohen 1985: 11). Cohen argues that community involves that the members of a group have some common with each other and this common distinguishes them from others. So community could be based on religion, language geographic locations etc. The important aspects of community are to form a social network to fulfill their common needs and goals. The power of community is in its cohesion and strong connectedness, which helps it to fulfill its objectives. In the modern era, the word community denotes a number of people sharing certain interests, sentiments, behaviour and objects common by virtue of belonging to a social group (Smith, 2001). The basic requirement of forming community is development of community as a whole and present circumstances force the community to look at their development more closely. Now community development (CD) two words used by social workers, and workers, social activists, sociologists, politicians, bureaucrats and planners to describe a myriad of activities, understanding and expectation. The term community development designates the utilization under one single programme of approaches and techniques, which rely upon local communities as units of action and which attempts to combine outside assistance with organized local self determination and effort and which correspondingly seek the stimulate local initiative and leadership as the primary instrument of change. In agricultural countries in the economically under developed areas, major emphasis is placed upon activities which aim at promotion of the improvement of the basic living conditions of the community including the satisfaction of some of its non-material needs (United Nations Documents E/CN5/29 programme of concerted Action in the social field of the United nations and specialized agencies). Community development can be tentively defined as a process designed to create conditions of economic and social progress for the whole community with its active participation and fullest possible reliance upon the community initiative. Community development implied the integration of two sets of forces making for human welfare, neither of which can do the job alone: (1) the opportunity and capacity for cooperation, self help, ability to least talent in every human group; and (2) the fund of techniques and tools in every social and economic field, drawn from world wide experience and now in use of available to national governments and agencies. Basically it has been perceived by the people that community development is the process by which the efforts of people themselves and united with government authorities to improve the economic, social and cultural conditions of communities to integrate these communities into the life of nation and to enable them to contribute fully to national progress. One view of community development is that it is a form of intervention in society, which seeks to empower individuals in the decisions, which affect them. It provides a means to action a set of tools to facilitate change at the social and individual levels. Community develo ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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