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Interpersonal Communication - Essay Example

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The paper 'Interpersonal Communication' aims to evaluate and determine theories of interpersonal communications relate to one another and their effectiveness in evaluating and explaining interpersonal communication.The author analyses Social Exchange Theory and Self Disclosure and Social Penetration Theory…
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Interpersonal Communication
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Download file to see previous pages There are several theories that have been advanced in understanding interpersonal communications in relationships. These theories include Social Exchange Theory, Relational Dialectics Theory, and Self Disclosure and Social Penetration Theory.
One of the theories in understanding people’s behaviors is the social exchange theory (SET). The theory involves a number of interactions that lead to obligations to a second party in cases where there are interdependent interaction and contingent on the actions of the other party (Beebe & Redmond, 2010). An impotent tenet in SET is that relationships have to take time to evolve into loyal, trusting and mutual commitments. To achieve this end, the parties in the relationship are obliged to act according to certain rules of exchange. These are the guidelines in the exchange process in any relationship, which influence the level and detail of communication within the relationship (Cropanzano & Mitchell, 2005). One of the major rules in SET is reciprocity. In other words, both parties in a relationship have to give and take on a mutual consent basis for an interpersonal relationship to succeed. Reciprocity in SET explains the degree of interdependence that each party in a relationship is entitled. Strong relationships are mostly characterized by high levels of interdependence. Interdependence, in this case, is characterized by bi-directional transactions in that something has to be given, and something has to be returned by each of the parties (Beebe & Redmond, 2010)...
One of the major rules in SET is reciprocity. In other words, both parties in a relationship have to give and take on a mutual consent basis for an interpersonal relationship to succeed. Reciprocity in SET explains the degree of interdependence that each party in a relationship is entitled. Strong relationships are mostly characterized by high levels of interdependence. Interdependence in this case is characterized by bi-directional transactions in that something has to be given, and something has to be returned by each of the parties (Beebe & Redmond, 2010). Such interdependence improves communication between parties in an interpersonal relationship. A common belief in reciprocity is that everyone will get what they deserve. In other words, after sometime, relationships will get to a point of equilibrium, those who are helpful in the relationship will get help in the future and those who are not will get punished. This explains the need for reciprocity in a relationship, which enhances communication as people struggle to maximize rewards from such relationships. SET involves certain exchanges that have to be observed in interpersonal relationships. These include the universalism vs. particularism ideology where the worth of a resource will vary depending on its source. In a relationship, money has no value but love has more value depending on its source (Cropanzano & Mitchell, 2005). The second property is the concreteness of an issue which refers to the tangibility of a resource. Non concrete resources will provide symbolic benefits, which have a much deeper worth than the objective value of the resource. The theory uses the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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