Cultural Diversity in Morocco - Essay Example

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Multiculturalism has been hailed as one of the greatest concepts of our century, thus, throwing the global fraternity into a spin with intellectual discourses emerging with the aim of understanding the extent to which this concept can be applied in societies…
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Cultural Diversity in Morocco
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Download file to see previous pages Cultural diversity has been a common phenomenon in societies all over the world, thus, raising concerns over the best ways of achieving harmony and integration of populations for the proper functioning of these societies. Naturally, multiculturalism has been debated for long as the most effective method of achieving harmony and integration in societies, as an approach of solving social conflicts between groups (Xanthaki, 2010). This paper examines evidences of multiculturalism in Morocco, in addition to evaluating the concept of multiculturalism as seen from four different views, including the feminist perspective, the conflict perspective, the symbol interactionism perspective, and the functionalism perspective. Additionally, the paper will also highlight new insights gained from a thorough examination of the concept, and the ‘common sense’ views or misconceived notions that will be settled because of further understanding. Morocco is a country that has been known for its cultural and linguistic diversity in the world (Ennaji, 2010); some of the main cultures in morocco include Berber, Arab, Jewish, Muslim, African, and European. Morocco has a broad history that stands significantly in the politics of the world, especially because the Moroccan empire was a major player. Despite the rapid changes taking place in the Moroccan society due to modernization and democratization efforts, its diverse cultures are deeply rooted in the countries age-old customs that stress on communal life. Morocco’s rich multiethnic society, rich culture, civilization and etiquette can be attributable to the fact that the country has been a host to many people in the past, besides the indigenous Berbers, who have significantly influenced the social structure of the country. Additionally, the country has interacted with many kinds of faiths or beliefs including Paganism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and its wholesome national culture is a blend of the diverse uniqueness that is evident in each region. Morocco has a population of about 30 million people with a half of them being under the age of nineteen; a large proportion of the country is Islamic, nearly 99%, something that greatly affects the population. The national government of Morocco recognizes the diversity of its population and one of its top priorities is to protect its diversity and to preserve its cultural heritage, a practice that has lasted for decades. The official language spoken in Morocco is Arabic but nearly one third of the country’s population speak Berber, and French is taught in its schools, in addition to being the mode of transacting commerce and business in the country; part of the population can also speak Spanish due to the proximity of Spain and involvement around Tangier. The feminist perspective is a feminists’ theoretical construct that explores the nature of gender inequality by examining the roles of women in society, their experiences, interests, and feminist politics in other fields such as sociology and psychoanalysis, among others. The feminist perspective is based on the premises that women are often subordinated by mechanisms designed by society, thus, the research of this perspective is focused on the state of women in society. The Feminist perspective has often been accused of undermining multiculturalism, which aims to promote the co-existence of multiple cultures either as distinct territories within western societies or as separate societies with national borders, despite the fact that the feminists focus on diversity and liberation. The main ball of contention between the feminists and multiculturalism is the fact that whereas Multiculturalism promotes and tolerates certain religious or traditional ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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