Women live in a society that is segregated according to race, class, gender, territories and other cultural differences. Consequently, opportunities for and attitudes towards them vary substantially based on their demographics. …
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Females become victim of such prejudice on regular basis, especially in field of paid work. Various researches have been conducted in the past to study factors linked with this social disorder. This dissertation is also focused on studying extent and causes of gender stereotyping in paid work. A comprehensive research has been conducted highlighting the critical findings and analysis in subsequent sections. An initial thesis and few preliminary conclusions have been drawn which shall be tested and verified through this study. This paper supports the belief that females have always been subjected to stereotyping and unfair treatment at places of business. Earning lower salaries, bearing prejudiced behavior from colleagues and facing sexual harassment are common examples of obstacles faced by women in our society. Radical measures are required to be taken at national level so as to evolve the role of women in our society and in its corporate culture, promoting sexual equality and empowerment of women. Research Findings I have conducted a thorough research, studying various literature material and conducting interviews and surveys. I developed a quick questionnaire and distributed its copy to each of the participants, including several feminism activists, working women and men holding executive positions in reputable organizations. This was accompanied with a short candid interview to study verbal cues, body language and tone of behavior of participants towards this notion. I ensured to include interviewing such people in my research who claimed to have views contradictory to mine, in order to help me perceive other side of the story: I kept an objective approach with an open learning mind and with no preconceived notions. It was observed that the health sector gives most employment opportunities to women, nevertheless, in lower positions and salaries. Other white-collar jobs such as banking, law and engineering only witness an immaterial proportion of women entering the field. The survey statistics revealed that about 60% of low positions and low-wages jobs are held by female employees. However, I was told by most of women that they still work at such pay scales out of financial needs. Female participants, ranging between younger age groups of 20 and 25 years, representing the largest number of employees in the population selected, claimed that they work to stay independent and earn livelihood for themselves. Other reasons included keeping busy instead of staying home, pleasure working and supporting families by single parents. Younger females claimed to have faced heavy unemployment and loss of jobs during slump periods. The employment rate for such women, ageing between 25 and 44, faced a sharp decline and fell to 77.1%, while for those aged 25 to 44, it came down to 77.3% under recessionary pressures. However, surprisingly for females with ages between 55 and 64, the employment rate, not getting affected by downturn, enhanced by 1.2% in recent years. Similarly, employment rate for married women having children also grew over the last three decades. On the contrary, I was told by men, occupying influential positions in organizations, that they still prefer hiring women without children since they are capable of giving more time and commitment. During interviews with working men, I discovered an odd fact that there are social preferences of some married males to maintain distance from female colleagues at work since they wouldn’t like gaining proximity with them and causing any trouble at home where they live with their wives and
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According to the report it is common knowledge that in most jobs women are still getting lesser pays as compared to men. Limits are often imposed on women regarding promotions to higher positions in management, primarily because of intentional as well as unintentional sexual bias. So, women still have been fighting fo their rights.
It is estimated that average working time for full-time employees in developed countries is 41 hours a week; whereas, in Australia it is 44 hours. According to Denniss (2003), Australian workers hardly take their four weeks of annual leave they are entitled to by law.
According to Castro (55), there were 62 million women in the labor force in the year 1996. Despite the increase, women’s participation is relatively low compared to men. Men’s participation in the labor force in 1950 was 97% compared to 37% for women while in the year 1995, men’s participation was 92% compared to 76% for women (56).
13). However, as time passes by many aspects of our lives change and it becomes necessary to reshape our identity. In modern times, there are advancements in technology, increased mobility and unemployment leading to lack of clear categories for identification and therefore the dialectic has been in favour of paid employment especially due to the protestant work ethic.
In the early nineteenth century women were very much confined to the domestic sphere of work, even as scientific advancements and industrialization were slowly forcing women to supplement the family income. The dilemma and difficulties faced by women during this period of change and turmoil have been the subject of many a classic.
What I Have Learned About Women, Work And Society?
There is little doubt that the effect of employment on women's well-being strongly depends on the type and quality of the job, the extent of control and mastery in the workplace, and the balance of investments and rewards.
This belief was legitimized by excluding women from many social roles. This paper will discuss how changes in patterns of paid employment for women took place in Ireland in the 20th century.
The Irish society in the 19th century remained patriarchal and women were
The concept that deliberately oppresses women & discourages them to participate in activities has been around for a long time, it is by far the oldest most common notion that discriminates women to take part in various
lth and labor is not uniform since it is based on factors such as the kind of resource, its utility, and the technology and the skills of its workforce relevant to a particular region. However, broadly speaking, the government has come to appreciate the need to widen the