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Anarchy in the International System - Essay Example

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In the paper “Anarchy in the International System” the author analyzes anarchy which divides the international system from other political domain to render it as a discrete file of inquiry with diverse rules. Anarchism is a political ideology that is alleged to have two distinct origins…
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Anarchy in the International System
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Download file to see previous pages In addition to this, agreement made between states ought to be self –enforcing or in the interest of the concerned parties particularly when they are called upon (Ward, 1996). Apparently, the international system had broadly been argued as anarchic. In essence, realists argue that anarchy brings out a competitive struggle between states.  Political realists argue that anarchy in the international system was not properly demonstrated hence, did not have much impact. On the hand, neo-realists  perceive anarchy as being among those characters that define the international system. 
 According to Ward 1996, the neo-realism theory has two schools of thoughts; the defensive realists, and the offensive realists. The school of defensive realists articulate that anarchy is needed particularly when concerned states seek for security, expansion, power for specific reasons. However, these scholars argue that some states might have an aggressive nature, a situation that other states must be prepared to handle diligently especially when there is a possibility of war. Conversely, the school of offensive realists believe that anarchy is a concept that can only be handled when concerned parties. Needless to mention that, most states are toiled by insecurity concept, which gives them fear of exploitation from other states, thus the advantage of one state in terms of power automatically becomes a disadvantage of another. In this view, anarchy denotes that politics in the international stage are extreme struggle for domination (Ward, 1996).
Scholars belonging to neoliberal institution view anarchy as a condition that can be resolved by states that are willing to come up with institutions that do not subordinate themselves to one central authority. Such institution will assist in making a commitment and or providing information to concerned states. In the view of constructivists, anarchy is a flexible condition that incorporates social states purposes, made from interpreted roles and norms fluctuate over time and space with regard to discrete theories that revolve around them.
The Condition of Anarchy that Underpins the International System
None the less, anarchy has continuously underpinned the international system, a condition that has deterred cooperation with other states globally. Basically, the nature of international politics has always been that of anarchy. This means that there is no hierarchal authority in the whole world that is capable of maintaining and or regulating international affairs. Simply, anarchical condition is present since the most sovereign states are major players in global politics as autonomous and independent. Thus, international players will ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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