Topic: Scientology By Insert Your Name Presented to Course Institution Name, Location Date Due Introduction Scientology is a group which has been perceived by many to be a cult group. This group was founded by L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 who was an American fiction science author and a writer…
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This group has been linked to being a cult movement because of the collective group efforts where members who share common goal and beliefs come together. It is argued that cults and movements like scientology arose because of the shift in ideologies as well as politics across the globe (Irving Hexham 2004). Group development Scientology started as a self-help system in its early stages of development but it was incorporated fully as Church of Scientology in 1952. The group developed ascribing to the beliefs, norms and practices which was created and established by L. Ron Hubbard. It was incorporated fully as a church as the founder and the followers considered it as religion and established its first church in Camden, New Jersey in 1953. This group teaches its members that they are immortal beings and do not account on the existence of the nature. Over the years the Church of Scientology being classified as church and new religious movement it has become one of the controversial new religious movements to be established in 20th century (Burgmann 2003). This group has been described by many to be a cult which defrauds and financially brainwashes its members. The group provide spiritual services and its members are charged at exorbitant fees rates. Up to date most scientologist argue that they are genuine religious movement who have been misunderstood, misinterpreted, criticized and persecuted for no reason (Galanter 2003). The group has responded this by using litigation consistently against their critics which has further led to them being condemn and their aggressiveness disapproved (Dawson 2000). Social change It is notable that most of the members joining Scientology because they want a meaningful life majorly to serve God or humanity and thus major social changes occur in their lives. Scientology provides that there are real malevolent persons. They further assert that the social problems in people’s lives are as a result of imperfections. They believe that significant percentage of people in the world is social personalities who contribute to the welfare of others and the other is suppressive persons. Therefore ascribing to this assumption is that there is the need for the social change on the social personalities. The social change attributed to scientology is apparent on its members (Irving Hexham 2004). The social changes sought by Scientology group arise from change on the emotions, mind, ethics as well as the survival of its members. The social change in regard to the mind is the control of the two divisions of mind comprising of the reactive and analytical mind. The social change takes place when they control its member’s emotional life manipulating their feelings; they do this by incorporating fear and guilt to control them (Zeller 2010). The members fully change when the group wins their gradual freedom and acquiring certainty on their reality (Burgmann 2003). In regard to the survival social change the group sought to consider the personal dynamics comprising of the individual desire and the family as well as procreation. Spiritual change is also emphasized by the group where focus is on the achievement of higher ethical standards and morality. Differences between Scientology and social/ new religious movements Although Scientology has been classified as a religion there are differences with other social and new religious mov
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