Nobody downloaded yet

Women Restrictions in accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are a group of medical processes that are used in order to assist a woman to get pregnant. There are many procedures used today like in vitro fertilization, gamete intra-fallopian transfer, artificial insemination, reproductive surgery and others, but most commonly assisted reproductive technology is associated with in vitro fertilization…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.6% of users find it useful
Women Restrictions in accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Women Restrictions in accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs)"

Download file to see previous pages The need for ART in Australia is rising over the years. In Australia and New Zeeland in 2008 there were 61929 assisted reproductive cycles which is 9% incensement from 2007 and 47% increase from 2004 (Yueping et al. 2010). As we can see, the trends of these procedures rise over the years which in the same time are a source of a debate over the public expends over these procedures. This is actually the source of the initiative to restrict the access for ART for women above the age of 40 years along with some other criteria. This however produces many ethical and social questions and some of them we will try to explore in this text. First topic In a study conducted by Georgina et al. 2005 it was found that average costs of chosen assisted reproductive technique for a live birth of a baby in Australia was 32 903 dollars, however these number are much different when compared within age groups. They found that in women below age of 30 years ART costs for a live birth event was approximately 24809 dollars and in the same time ART costs for live birth event in women above age of 40 was 97884 dollars. As we can see the differences are significant. The fact that ART services in year 2004 costs around 79 million dollars (less than 1% of total health expenses), however the constant rise of the trends for using of ART raised questions about ways to reduce the costs for these procedures. As we can see from the above example ART in women above the age of 40 at average costs significantly more when compared in women below the age of 30 years. In the same time the efficacy of ART in women above the age of 40 years is significantly smaller when compared with younger women. Only 6 percents of ART in women above 40 years old result in live birth compared to above 25 percents in women below the age of 30 years. In the same time pregnancies in women above age of 40 years are more prone to complications and risks for the mother and the health if the child as well. (Gilbert et al. 1999) (Bryant et al. 2005). This is why there are initiatives to limit the availability of ART procedures to women below the age of 40 years old. As we can see from above, finances and risk of complications are the main reasons for the initiative for restriction of ART in women above 40 years. There are several principles in the theory of ethics that are affected by the restriction of ART to women older than 40 years. One of them is the principle of beneficence which in the ethics is defined as a priority of “good” (Tassano 1999). At a first glance we can conclude that this restriction will deprive the younger patients from ART treatment by spending money and resources that can be used by the younger women. However as we have seen the expenses are small and doesn’t affect the quality of ART service for younger women, nor the quality of general health services in Australia. So in essence this restriction will not cause significant benefit for younger women or the general population. However it will reduce the grow-rate in Australia, which is already one of the lowest in the world. We can conclude therefore that this decision in essence is “bad” and in direct opposition with the principle of beneficence. From the standpoint of the individual women the above restriction is a restriction of their right as individuals to choose to have a child. In the same time by denying this right the above restric ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Women Restrictions in accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies Essay”, n.d.)
Women Restrictions in accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies Essay. Retrieved from
(Women Restrictions in Accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies Essay)
Women Restrictions in Accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies Essay.
“Women Restrictions in Accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Women Restrictions in accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs)

Reproductive Rights abortion; however, pro-choice groups insist on these rights. V. Conclusion The principles of reproductive rights, the application of those principles, and conditions under which doctors can conduct abortions is always debatable due to the fact that state laws are always changing, while federal law regarding the procedure remains. Even though reproductive technology has allowed many people to have children who would otherwise not be able to do so, reproductive rights will continue to be one issue that continues to be hotly debated on both sides. REFERENCES The anniversary of Roe v. Wade. (2011). Available: . Bellieni, C., & Buonocore, G. (2006)....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Reproductive Rights Susan Neilson, laws for three-day waiting periods, cut-off dates of 20 weeks, and graphic, in-depth descriptions of the fetus to the patient are already laws on the books (Neilson). Next, the government wants to completely cut federal funding. Kathleen Hennessey write, “The House of Representatives on Wednesday approved a sweeping antiabortion package to further distance federal funds from the procedure by solidifying existing measures and imposing new ones” (Hennessey). The current bill would not only eliminate access of women to federal funds to pay for abortions, it would also go out of its way to make it harder for clinics to provide abortions. “Under the measure, businesses that offer health...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Reproductive System

...of the Biology of the 26 May Reproductive System Case study Julia and Ross were referred to an infertility specialist by their primary physician. The couple had been married for two years. Husband was 35 years old and wife was 32 years old. For the first six months after their marriage, couple had used barrier methods (condoms) for contraception. Later on, they decided to have a child. So, for the past one and a half years, they had been having unprotected intercourse. Ross and Julia had lived together all this time and on an average, they had intercourse about 3-4 times a week. Julia had been working as a computer engineer in an information technology firm and she described her job as “moderately...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Reproductive Rights

...revelation that he had implanted 12 embryos in the uterus of Ms. Suleman. According to the society of Assisted Reproductive Technology, the number of embryos that needs to be implanted inside the mother’s uterus depends on her age and physical state, but Dr. Kamrava implanted about 12 embryos owing to his judgmental flaw. Ms. Suleman was only 33 at that time and 12 embryos were 6 times the permitted number for women of her age. However, in the U.S. the autonomy granted to the patient overrides the doctor’s paternalism. The patient has full rights to accept or reject any medical advice offered. It is understandable that Ms. Suleman wanted a big family and rejected fetal...
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study

Reproductive Toxicology

...Running Head: Library Source-Reproductive Toxicology Library Source-Reproductive Toxicology Summary Alcohol is associated with a continuum of birth damage, which may be very serious or relatively inconsequential (Barrison et al., 1985). At the most serious extreme is a combination of developmental delay, growth retardation, neurological abnormalities and characteristic facial dysmorphology known as the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Other damage, including physical abnormalities, developmental delays and fetal growth retardation are known as Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE). The aim of this essay is to critically evaluate original research articles that have utilized different methodologies. All research...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Influence of New Technologies on Visual Arts

...The affect of photography on the 19th Century Visual Arts was immense. The realism and impressionism used to define art came to define a photograph as well. Realism was realistic photographs, whereas impressionism was photos taken and overexposed, too close to recognize the object, and other non-realistic situations. Since the photographic process is similar to cinematography, the technologies intertwine. The same movements affecting photography and other visual art impacted cinematography as well. Later in the 20th century photo –realism became a big hit due to the advancement of the photograph. Realism and impressionism in photography and cinematograph would never...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Reproductive Disorders

...Reproductive disorders of the Biology of the June 4, Reproductive disorders Jane, aged 23, tested for gonorrhea a year ago. Her partner was also diagnosed with penicillinase producing N. gonorrhoeae and was given antibiotics. However, on the same day, Jane was taken to the ER with severe abdominal pain and vomiting. Her cervical smear test revealed N. gonorrhoeae as well as other bacteria. Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea In men, uncomplicated gonorrheal infection manifests as urinary complaints of burning sensation on urination and purulent urethral discharge. Only a small number of infected men are asymptomatic. However, they are important reservoir for the spread of infection. Nearly 20% of men with...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Reproductive Justice

...exist for drugs, art, exotic animals and so on). If this young girl had been wealthy, regardless of the laws in her particular jurisdiction, she would have been able to access a safe abortion: she would fly somewhere in the world that gave them legally, or seek them illegally on the black market. Furthermore, those of limited means are more likely to need to exercise their reproductive rights. The rich will never have to worry about feeding their infant or going hungry. Wealthy people have better access to child care and other services that make having a child less of a burden also. The fact is, reproductive rights are yet another thing that...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Critically discussed the ethical, legal, and social issues arising from the use of assistef reproductive technologies

...Assisted Reproductive Technologies Introduction Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) is a method of fertilization available to women who do not become pregnant even after undergoing several surgical and medical treatments. The process of ART include procedures that makes it possible to bypasses sexual intercourse in process of fertilization by having artificial insemination or fertilization of the oocytes in a controlled environment such as laboratory. ART is therefore a method for women to get pregnant through artificial or partially artificial processes and involves people who are infertile although fertile couples can also undergo the processes due to genetic, sex selection or health considerations such as risk of infecting... .,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Immigration Restrictions

.... Immigrants are disadvantageous in other ways. Most immigrants use social security numbers of the natives in order to access the facilities that they need. It is surprising that the USA government is not able to track down such activities. These activities pose a danger to the USA residents since the resources available might be overused. It is crucial for the government to provide the immigrants with documents that can use to access public facilities. Provision of these documents will enable the country to have correct statistics, and thus negative reflections will be eliminated. The topic of immigration restrictions is essential to me. During my research, I met many immigrants in...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Women Restrictions in accessing Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) for FREE!

Contact Us