Political socialization is the process by which the political values of a society are passed on to the next generation of citizens (“Political Socialization”). It is also the process by which the individual citizen, throughout their entire life, gains their political values and their ideas about politics (CliffsNotes). The agents of political socialization are those groups through whom these ideas are passed onto the individual citizens. These include the family unit, the education system, religious organizations, and the greater culture in which the individual lives. An individual's family and friends are considered to be their primary socialization group. These are the people to whom they are closest, and those people who have the most influence over the actions of that individual. The family especially is the strongest agent of political socialization. Children will generally carry on the political views of their parents and their household (“Political Socialization”). Parents do not generally deliberately discuss politics with their children until they are older, but opinions shared in the household are learned by those children. For example, the news shows watched by the parent or the conversations had between older household members will tell the child what their parent or parents believe (CliffsNotes)). Schools and other organized educational settings are considered secondary agents of political socialization. They may not pass on a specific opinion, but instead try to give students
the knowledge to continue the political system as a whole.