In the paper “History of Native Education in the British North American Colonies” the author focuses on the drawbacks of the internal colonial model of education, which could be seen all over in the North American history of Native American education…
Download file to see previous pages...
Education was used as a tool to sideline and oppress Native people. Boarding schools played an active part in distancing Native children from their parents and traditional ways of life (Oliver, 1996). Afterwards, separate public schools were opened to fulfill the purpose of Christianizing the Natives to make them a part of the Christians’ capitalist economic system. Finally when Natives were permitted to go to mainstream schools, they were not treated parallel to White students in intelligence by school management and teachers. The education system proved a failure in not creating any consideration for traditional Native values, by not supporting bilingual language, and by not paying attention to the education needs of the Native students (Oliver, 1996). First of all, the East India School opened its door to the Indian tribes in 1621 with the aim of not only civilizing and rewarding them but introduce them their religion so that the selected students could be used like a tool to lure other tribesmen into conversion to Christianity. Undertaking of missionary work was the primary motive of educating the Indians. Such aspirations of the East India School soon dashed to the ground when in 1622 the superintendent of the school and some others were killed in an Indian revolt (Carnegie Foundation Report, 1989). Native education has been a traumatically remembered because of such experiences gone through by the Natives. The difference in the attitude has been historical between the Indian and European. Barman, Hebert, and McCaskill, (as cited in Atleo, 1991) have stated that, ”For the most part, the aboriginal population accepted the new arrivals at face value, while the Europeans assumed the superiority of their culture over that of any aboriginal peoples. Out of that misconception grew the conviction that in order for the Indians to survive, they would have to be assimilated into the European social order” (p. 2). Education being the primary vehicle of integration found the European trend exhibited in one of the on-record policy on native education in 1632 by Jesuit missionary: “Their education must…not merely training of the mind…weaning them…their ancestors and the acquirements of the language, arts, and customs of civilized life,” remarked Vallery, (as cited in Atleo, 1991). It was start of the bad experience for the native education, which could not be lessened in any way emerging from the early native education policy statement. The current education policy is totally opposite to the one pursued by the British education in North American colonies. It was taken for granted that the Native student was lacking in all aspects of education such as language, art, habits, mental acumen worth inculcating. All their community traits, gathered wisdom of centuries, their traditions were considered void until the Native student proved worthy to be ‘born again’ European. This colonial policy was proved wrong many a times (Atleo, 1991). The English used three methods of implementing this policy wherein terms.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“History of Native Education in the British North American Colonies Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1428543-discuss-the-history-of-native-education-in-the
(History of Native Education in the British North American Colonies Essay)
“History of Native Education in the British North American Colonies Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1428543-discuss-the-history-of-native-education-in-the.
The Indians were generally huntsmen, traders, arbiters and also acted sometimes as enforcers of trade for other tribes which created economic pressure and opportunity, leading to beaver wars. But their economy was dependent on the external trade and supply to foreign markets.
As the paper declares slavery differed in these three regions, and it did develop different cultures. As time went by, the slavery in Chesapeake society became part of social and economic life in the mid 17th century due to the advent of staple tobacco production, and the establishment of a planter class.
Through these colonies, the Europeans would be able to obtain raw materials and cheap workforce for their industries. The belief of the Europeans doe economic superiority and conquering is described by the mercantilism which is one of the economic theories of the British.
For quite a few decades, America happened to be an assortment of colonies scattered across the Eastern cost of North America. Hence the earliest American literature, predominantly a colonial literature, relied for its inspiration on the British literary models and themes that constituted the earliest of the American literature and the immediate socio-political issues faced by the colonies.
It constituted a diversified population of different origin and respective historic backgrounds that have been shaping their lives and attitude since their existence. The population consisted one of the most privileged class, that is the people with English, Irish, Scottish or Welsh ancestry, and even one of the most discriminated, neglected and tortured population represented by the slave and aboriginal people.
LOL! (This means to “Laugh Out Loud”.) So, for this letter, I will first tell you about my country, the United States. Ready?
First, I’ll tell you about Columbus, Cortez and the natives. Columbus was a Portuguese explorer who wanted to sail to Asia using a different