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Britain’s imperial possessions in the Caribbean were collectively called the British West Indies. These were comprised by Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Montserrat and the Turks and Caicos Islands. The West Indies also included the sub-grouping called the Caribbean Anglophones composed of the now independent states such as Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago. Prior to the British and European occupation, the Caribbean is home to some ancient agricultural civilizations. The oldest settlement, which was considered to be those of archaic age, dates back to around 7000 years. At the time of the European colonization, settlers are comprised of three Amerindian ethnic groups, namely: the Tainos, Carib and the Ciboney. The importance of the Caribbean among its European rulers is mainly due to the sugar industry, which has prospered in the islands. "Sugar was the foundation of the Golden Age of West Indian prosperity during the eighteenth century" (Tomich 14)
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Accessibility of land and lack of personality made the West Indian government initiate forces of labor that responded to money incentives. Upon liberation, the slave’s activities bore fruit through fighting oppression.
Introduction According to Hillman (2009, p.7), the Caribbean comprises of sparse resources, and as a result, its economic status is poor. Most of the Caribbean countries experienced long periods of colonialism, which were associated with slavery and authoritarian leaderships.
It can be derived from the report and the previous research conducted on the topic though the condition of Afro-Caribbean has changed a lot, the problem of racism and imperialism remains and has taken only a different form, as such the black revolutionary culture against racism and imperialism remains and is waged in various aspects of modern life.
The territorial boundaries that the British put up and used to divide the continent were the foundation on which the myriad of ethnically charged political violence that came to plague Africa (Jackson & Rosberg 179). As the partitioned the continent, their primary ambition was to share the resources among each other and they gave no consideration to the centuries old ethno-cultural distribution patterns that were necessary for sustaining stability in Africa.
As described by Edward Said, Orientalism is the ethnocentric way Europe approached the Asian territories thinking that the people of the orient and Arabic states were gullible and devoid of energy and initiative (Said, 1978). From the British point of view, Orientalism connotes foreignness or otherness, things that are not British (The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 2003).
One West Indian poet, Eric Roach, experienced a life of confusion, which is shown in his poetry. In his poem, "Love Overgrows a Rock," Roach shows an absolute internal conflict between his pride or love for his country and the struggle with its history. Despite the magnitude of his struggle, however, Roach resigns himself to his natural feelings; the love for his country conquers the obstacles of the past.
Many in Britain had conflicting viewpoints about the worth of colonies and how they should be used. In India, William Pitt's India Act established dual control of British India. Britain took more territory in South Africa. Canada was on a path to effective, stable government.
In 1914, the British army invaded Mesopotamia, and established military order during the First World War. The subjugation of present day Iraq was not the initial intent of the British, rather their primary objective was the security of the British military position in the Persian Gulf.
Though there existed other factors like culture in the colonization process, economic and religious reasons pushed the major colonizers to acquire lands in the New World (Mignolo and Ennis, 2001). For example,