Nobody downloaded yet

Karl Marx's work is often mistakenly criticized as constituting a framework that undervalues the importance of the individual - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name: Course: Instructor: Date: Karl Marx’s Work and the Importance of the Individual Karl Marx is inarguably one of the most influential men of the 19th century. His socialist views have shaped the politics and social lives of thousands of people in many different parts of the world…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Karl Marxs work is often mistakenly criticized as constituting a framework that undervalues the importance of the individual
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Karl Marx's work is often mistakenly criticized as constituting a framework that undervalues the importance of the individual"

Download file to see previous pages His ideas regarding objectification and human needs only point out to the fact that he greatly values the potential and importance of man (Marx 10). On the other hand, Marx has an answer for the perceived undervaluation of the importance of the individual: capitalism. This paper looks at Marx’s ideas regarding objectification and his view of human needs, in the context of his discussion of alienation under capitalism. Marx’s opinion on the purpose of production is also an issue that is dealt with in this paper. These issues are examined in detail in an effort to indicate that Karl Marx’s work is often mistakenly criticized as constituting a framework that undervalues the importance of the individual. Marx on Objectification and Human Needs The alienation theory, according to Marx, is the separation of human beings from various aspects that characterize their human nature. In order to understand the concept of alienation in line with Marx’s opinion of human needs and objectification, it is important to understand what he meant by human nature. He describes human nature as the means by which humans are capable of shaping their environment or nature. Marx, in emphasizing the importance of the individual, argues against an abstract concept of human nature. Instead, he insists that individuals express their lives as they are (15). This is to say that one’ individualism is pegged on material conditions of his production. In his 1844 Manuscripts, Marx says that human nature is a “totality of needs and drives” which he says exerts some force on man. This is to say that human nature cannot be regarded in the absence of the need to satisfy certain needs. This is what he says about human needs and drives: “Man is directly a natural being. As a natural being and as a living natural being he is on the one hand endowed with natural powers, vital powers – he is an active natural being. These forces exist in him as tendencies and abilities – as instincts. On the other hand, as a natural, corporeal, sensuous objective being he is a suffering, conditioned and limited creature, like animals and plants. That is to say, the objects of his instincts exist outside him, as objects independent of him; yet these objects are objects that he needs – essential objects, indispensable to the manifestation and confirmation of his essential powers” (17). According to Marx, the needs of humans normally change depending on the way they change their environment. He says that “… producers change, in that they bring out new qualities in themselves, develop themselves in production, transform themselves, develop new powers and ideas, new needs and new language” (26). This shows that Marx was not entirely against the notion that individuals are very important. He was only trying to emphasize that that importance is pegged on the level of the individual’s needs. Marx differentiates humans from other animals in many of his writings. He gives examples of religion and consciousness as some of those things that can be said to be distinguishing factors between man and animals. Marx continues to say that as soon as they start producing their means of survival, human beings start distinguishing themselves from other animals. To further explain the difference between an individual and animals in terms of needs, Marx states that: “It is true that animals also produce. They build nests and dwellings, like the bee, the beaver, the ant, etc. But they ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Karl Marx's work is often mistakenly criticized as constituting a Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Karl Marx'S Work Is Often Mistakenly Criticized As Constituting a Essay)
“Karl Marx'S Work Is Often Mistakenly Criticized As Constituting a Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Karl Marx's work is often mistakenly criticized as constituting a framework that undervalues the importance of the individual

Karl Marx & Political Life which it produces commodities generally.” (Marx 43) As the working class reproduces itself, individuals who are not involved in labor but are related to production emerge. These are the capitalists or the bourgeoisie; the class whose existence is based on the appropriation of a certain percentage of the wealth created by labor even without participating production. However, the existence of this relation is not without contradictions. In fact, such contradiction intensifies as the capitalist appropriates more himself and when the workers or the proletariat tries to resist and gain the wealth that they have produced. In the Manifesto of the Communist Party, it is pointed out that “the...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Karl marx

...; they must be willing to carry on what their ancestors had left behind, in a way that they are able to apply it to their present and future without creating fresh and unnecessary obstacles in the path of their life. Therefore, Marx, through this quote in the Brumaire has put heavy emphasis on how a man can go ahead and move on in life if only he is able to break free from his past and carry it on in the future without having to suffer the pain that he was not meant to. However, most people do exactly that as they forget that living in the present dawns upon a whole new day and age on mankind. Works Cited Marx, Karl. "18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Karl Marx

...? Table of Contents Introduction 3 Marx’s Basic Theory of Human History – Social Change 3 Species Being 5 ALIENATION 6 Commodity fetish 7 Conclusion 8 Works Cited 9 Introduction The origin of the sociological theories owes a great deal to Karl Marx; he exerted a philosophical impact on various basic theories of sociology. It is indispensable to refer to the basic concepts, methods and substantive theories presented by in order to comprehend classical as well contemporary issues in sociology. Many sociologists including Weber and Durkheim developed their work in this field by critical discussion and debate on basic theories and ideas presented by Karl Marx (Cohen 10). There is colossal collection of Marx writing covering philosophy... of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Karl Marx

...conception of history. He later wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848 and the industrial revolution broke out in Europe at the same time. Marx witnessed firsthand, the sufferings of workers all around Europe. Marx moved to Paris again in 1848 but was soon forced to move to London. In London Marx wrote his most famous book “Das Kapital”. Marx had 7 children, only 3 survived past childhood. Marx passed away quietly in his armchair on 14th March 1883. (Encyclopedia of World Biography) Contribution to Ethical Philosophy The major contribution that Karl Marx made to the study of ethics is his concept of Communism....
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Karl Marx

...# Philosophy 19th Nov. Karl Marx One of the ideas that I really love about Karl Marx is on his critical view of religion. Karl Marx viewed religion as the opium of the people. By this Karl Marx meant that religion was being wrongly used by the powerful people, the bourgeois, to make the poor people, the proletariat, to be passive in their approach to the challenges that they were going through in life. Karl Marx saw religion as being used to console the poor and to give them false promises thus making them to forget the challenges that they were going...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Karl Marx

... the transition from the general form to the money from where all goods are related to one unique commodity. However, Marx notes that the market is the influence of superstitious forces the dictate the value of the product and the products end up losing their real value. The only way to obtain the real value of products is by getting a better control of the market by perceiving trade as some of the contract that must satisfy both the seller and the buyer. Works Cited Marx, Karl. Capital Volume One: A Critique of Political Economy. New York: Dover Publications. 2012. Print.... Sociology Marx, Sociology Karl Marx is one the historical theorist who developed the idea of commodity and the value...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Karl Marx

...surroundings. Somehow, this great German thinker has aptly viewed the rapid flow of industrialization to be detrimental for the peace and stability of society in his later work(s). The claim was actually the outcome of the disadvantages the industrialization had introduced in society by allowing the domination of the investors as the owner of all production units in the Marx’s contemporary European societies. Since the proletariat used to work from dawn to dusk in the production activities of the industrial units, and hence maintained major share in income and profit generation, they certainly deserved the same proportion of share in profit volume (341). However, the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Karl Marx

...Information] March 14, 2006 According to Karl Marx, laborers in a capitalist economy are alienated from their labor, the product of their labor, the conditions of labor, and their productive capacity itself. What does this mean Why is it important in evaluating the character and achievements of capitalism Marx asserts that the human being has a natural productive capacity: that they are natural workers and have an innate ability to sustain an economy of profit. After exploring this idea in many of his essays, Marx elaborates upon it in the Communist Manifesto by identifying the conditions that are most conducive to the promotion of the natural...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Karl Marx

... any significant influence on the state of their lives. In fact, they are incapable to even to manage the yield of their individual labor. During a crisis, however, the fantasy shaped throughout false awareness turn into more difficult to sustain (Karl 56). At such critical periods of history the lesser class is enhanced to see through the illusions of the leading ideologies and have their class awareness improved, mainly with suitable ideological direction. Marx wanted to provide clarification, particularly during the 1840s, with the manifesto of the communist party. His goal was to allow the members of the running class to trounce their isolation and solicit in the fight back to end their mistreatment, progress their interest... and a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Karl Marx

... Karl Marx Karl Marx’s views on economics rely on his criticism of capitalism. He suggested that the principles upon which capitalism developed were unsustainable, and it would lead to its failure. He argued that a communist society would replace capitalism. According to Karl Marx, labour is important for production and should be should be treated positively. The payment for labour should reflect the value of the products or services they produce (Buchholz, 2007). However, capitalism is exploitative because it uses free labour, creativity, coercion, and dehumanizing mechanisms to produce goods and services and accumulate wealth over time. Karl Marx argues that social relationships determine the acquisition of means of production... . For...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Karl Marx's work is often mistakenly criticized as constituting a framework that undervalues the importance of the individual for FREE!

Contact Us