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He also gave special attention to reasons that motivated people to commit suicide. He is famous for works such as the rules of sociological method, the division of labour in society, and the elemental source of religious life. Both Marx and Durkheim described different aspects of the society that they perceived. They touched on aspects such as division of labour, class struggles, and alienation/ anomie. This paper will compare their views concerning these three aspects.
Karl Marx was against the capitalist ideology. During his time, this ideology was gaining popularity and many capitalists were exploiting labourers in different regions of the world. Marx opined that communism was a better ideology, which promoted the welfare e of the society. He had the conviction that capitalism would divide the society into two groups (Ryan, 2014). One group would comprise of the capitalist, who had the means and capital to control production. On the other hand, the lower class, which he called the proletarians, would provide the required labour during production (Alexander & Smith, 2005). Karl Marx highlighted that the workers would develop different skills in an effort to complete different tasks within the production unit. In an effort to perfect production, specialization would result (Gibbs, 2003). This means that workers would focus on developing core competencies in the production process. This means that the workers would tackle different tasks depending on their core competencies. According to him, division of labour would result from either technical or social reasons (Llorente, 2006).
Evidently, some technical jobs proved to be highly unpleasant for the people. However, for production to be successful, such technical tasks needed to be completed. Therefore, it was an inevitable part of the production process. Since the technical task needed completion, it emerged that a group of the
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The workers perform labor; they generate output for companies (Plamenatz 1975, 263). The companies sell these products and obtain revenue from it. The revenue earned is invested by companies to invest in machinery which in turn replaces the workers. For example, in the past workers were being used to do construction, but now machines do all the work thus unemployment has increased.
According to the report since 1800s, capitalism within the society has gradually becoming more evident as compared to the previous times. Because of significant development in capitalism, urbanization and industrialization took place during the early part of the 19th century. The gap between the social classes of people started to widen.
In modern times, modern societies have erased a number of these rules and regulations and now members of modern societies have to abide by few rules and regulations and due to this various activities that were considered as deviant in the past by the societies are now considered as socially acceptable activities and behaviors.
Marx asserted that capital or the connection between wage-labour and capital shapes the whole make-up of the capitalist method of production. At the heart of Marxism is the development of the theory of class-struggle, which Marx outlines that societies and civilizations progress via a process of struggle between the clashes of interests among the various classes, and the prominent institutions within the society that present the means of support to the prevailing class within that society.
We focus on the bureaucratization theory, social fact theory, religion, a division of labour and specialization and the capitalist theory by Marx. All these theories explain the society we live in today but they also form a basis for determining whether the scholar's work is relevant in today’s society.
Durkheim contributed many theories and ideas that formed the base of development of modern studies in sociology and anthropology. He developed theories and ideas in social facts, division of labor, education, crime, punishment, law, suicide, and religion.
re then there will be conflict in that particular society as people will be involved in practices that will not be in line with norms and rules of society. Karl Marx had his philosophy on dialectical materialism in that he claimed that in a society there were two groups that is
In those times, there was limited possibility of improving oneself.
Then came a drastic change, in which the model of Capitalism and industrialization was initiated to societies all over the world. Some societies acknowledged it while others
The author discusses the theory of anomie by Emile Durkheim and his views on punishment and its functional role. In the end the paper compares the views of both these great thinkers and presents the conclusion. The purpose of punishment is to give justice to the victim and to discourage other people from following the same action.
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