Name Institution Course Instructor Date Development of social thought by Karl Marx and Max Weber The philosophical contribution of Karl Max and Max Weber places the two personalities as the most prolific theorists of the 19th century. In contributing to philosophy, the two thinkers instituted ideas, which have profoundly shaped the development of the social thought…
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Noticeably, one cannot fail to realize that Karl Marx and Max Weber contribution to social perspective reflected on key issues such as religion and class, class and inequality, bureaucracy and rationality and the concept of meaning and action in a normal society (Morrison, 2006:50). First, the two thinkers agreed on class the key dynamic factors influencing the society. Their social understanding was that class was at per with political power. Just like the dominance of political power in the earlier society, Marx and Weber argued that class had the same prominent forces that ultimately shaped the society (Tucker, 2000:44). On the side of Max Weber, as much as he believed religion and class were two dynamic concepts that shaped the society, he disagreed with Marx on the understanding that class appeared as the only institution that seemed to dominate the advancement of the modern society. According to Weber, other factors as culture of the people, and religion in particular were as well crucial dominant factors shaping the society. On the side of religion, Weber believed that was not the cause of capitalism (Morrison, 2006:55). In his perspective, the social order got influence more form Protestantism and capitalism approaches. Weber highlights that the two concepts entwined each other and their development depends on the other hence exempting his argument that religion created capitalism. Karl Max view of social perspective also has immense significance in modern society. According to Karl, the class defines any society. Having lived in capitalism era, Karl argues that any society is operational when class is in existence. For a given society to develop, Karl attaches this progress to class. For example, he argues that, in any society, there must be the labour providers and the laborers (Trevin?o, 2012:41). In this perspective, one cannot separate the two. The latter is solely dependent on the former and vice versa. On another level, Karl concluded that class was the foremost factor in the historical development of modern society. According to Karl Max, class acted as the political economic power, and any society could not thrive without it. Karl also had a social thought on the place of religion in society. In his brilliance, Karl concluded that religion was a coined proportion, which was indeed an opiate of the poor (Trevin?o, 2012:39). According to him, it came into existence to create a class and social stratification. On this, Karl borrowed heavily on Feuerbach’s claims that human existence had created God through their imaginations. As a result, the worshipping of God diverted all human creatures from exploiting their potential innate powers. He argues that religion came only because of alienation to material life. This is not reversible as in one cannot remove the human capacity from religious worship unless the material life is equal to all (Morrison, 2006:54). Moreover, in their ideas on the study of society, Marx and Weber drew attention on the role of class and inequality in the society. This came through the perspective of class, status, and power (Trevin?o, 2012:43). For instance, it is not by coincidence that Marx and Weber had the same feeling on the issue of political power. According to Weber, the modern society got much influence and dominance from the owners of capital. The elite with political power as well manipulated it. This
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