Functionalisam, Marxism, Feminism, Postmodernism - Essay Example

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The researcher of this essay explores functionalism, marxism, feminism and postmodernism. As its name suggests, functionalism is a theory which views society as a set of different pieces which carry out different functions and yet fit together into a larger whole. …
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Functionalisam, Marxism, Feminism, Postmodernism
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Download file to see previous pages The purpose of the essay "Functionalisam, Marxism, Feminism, Postmodernism" is to discover functionalism, marxism, feminism and postmodernism. The American sociologist Talcott Parsons used functionalist ideas and adapted them in his theories about the way that people change their behaviour when they enter a domain such as a hospital which is governed by distinct rules. A person who is normally very active and makes decisions for himself will turn into a passive and obedient patient in a hospital, because this part of society operates on different rules than other parts. People who do not behave well in a hospital are asked to leave, and there is a lot of pressure to conform to the regime that the doctors dictate. People would not normally accept being told what to do, but in a hospital they put aside their normal self and play a different role. The doctor’s function is to heal and the patient’s function is to get well and the whole institution is geared up to keep people healthy. This work shows that institutions have an effect on people, sometimes good, and sometimes bad. A key feature of traditional and modern functionalism is that it views society as self-regulating. If one part of the system changes, then all the other parts of the system will automatically change to compensate for this. An example of a functionalist analysis can be seen in the way that countries experience boom and bust cycles in the economy. Right now the world is experiencing a recession, which causes the government in many countries. to hold back expend ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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