As defined by, Trustees of Dartmouth College “Sociology examines the ways in which the forms of social structure - groups, organizations, communities, social categories (such as class, sex, age, or race), and various…
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These social topics are studied through complex theoretical and methodological frameworks that address the broad range of concepts like positivism and anti-positivism, social structure, individual agency, materialism, globalization, modernity, post-modernity etc.
The social theories aid back to the ancient Greek civilizations. Social theorizing aided the Greeks in making sense of their lives, and in questioning the value and meaning of things around them. However, in the 20th century, social theories appeared as a distinct discipline and involved critical thinking in order to gain knowledge of social behaviours through posterior methods of discovery rather than apriority methods of tradition.
In order to explain social phenomena, sociologists developed several theories. Sociological theories range from grand theories to middle range and highly specific micro range theories. It is extremely difficult to cover the aspects of these broad range theories, therefore in the later sections of this report; I will broadly give an outline of the dominant sociological theories and critically discuss two sociological theories in detail.
i. Functionalism: functionalism is the oldest and the most dominant approach which has served as a building block in the development of sociology as a distinct decipline. Functionalist movement was most popular from 1940’s-1950 but reached its decline in 1960’s. Overall, this theory talks about two main aspects:
Scientific methods should be applied to understand the “objectivity” of the social world. It says that social sciences can be learned in the same manner as natural sciences. Functionalists view this world as “objective real”. Therefore, they emphasized that scientific methods and statistical techniques can be applied to research social phenomena. However, the research should be value-free. It should not be affected by the values, principles and perceptions of the
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Student name: Professor Name: Course name: Date: Sociological Perspective The contemporary society has witnessed tremendous alterations particularly during the last two decades in the wake of technological advancements being made in it. These changes are not confined to one specific area or region of the world; on the contrary, changes could be observed even in the most backward cultures of the globe, where almost all social institutions are turning complex in the aftermath of the globalization.
There are a number of different approaches to investigating sociological phenomenon that have evolved over the years. The positivist approach to sociological investigation relies on the use of scientific methods in order to investigate social issues. On the other hand, the empirical epistemological approach deals with sociology through qualitative investigation.
This paper attempts to reconsider the nature and functions of family, through the prism of three sociological theories: Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism, and Conflict Theory. The each theory affects individual views, society views, and social change is discussed.
The conclusion from this study states that individuals may utilize their sociological imagination to query largely conventional issues, for example, unemployment and its impact and, therefore, recognize personal experiences and public concerns as different notions of one component. It is evident that Mills believes both society and individuals have an impact on each other.
The self comprises of two attributes the 'I' and 'me'. The 'I' is referred to as in response to the outside world and 'me' reflects more of the social life. It can be easily be observed that people do lie in between the two assumptions and that people are aware that they will have self-control problems, but the fact is that they cannot rely upon their judgments as they feel themselves to be more prone to faulty predictions.
During his lifetime, Durkheim gave many lectures, and published numerous sociological studies on subjects such as education, crime, religion, suicide, and many other aspects of society. He is often referred to as
I considered choosing other colleges offering this program. After carefully examining various factors, I chose this for it was the best. After consulting widely, I finally settled for this college because of its clear and strict curriculum coupled with its friendly fees that it charges.
These assumptions guide human behavior in the societal context. On the other hand, Erving Goffman emphasizes on the need for self-image to enhance the socialization process. Sigmund Freud sees the self as the most primitive part of a person’s personality,
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