Nobody downloaded yet

Sociology theories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Sociology Theories Author Institution Theory 1-Functionalism Introduction The functionalism theory refers to a sociological perspective, which describes a society as comprising of different parts. These parts making up society tend to be interrelated, with each of the parts serving certain crucial purposes…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.2% of users find it useful
Sociology theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sociology theories"

Download file to see previous pages Later on, another functionalist, Emile Durkheim advanced the arguments in functionalism through his likening of society with the body of human beings (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). Discussion According to Ferrante & Ferrante-Wallace (2008), functionalism argues that society comprise of various parts, which play a central role in enhancing its survival. The argument of functionalism is that, just like the components of the human body depend on each other, so are the components that make up society. To functionalists, therefore, society is like a system that has various components. Each component must contribute to the wellbeing and the survival of the entire system. Functionalists identify the role played by each of the parts that make up society. Some of the components/parts of society identified by functionalists include the government, religious institutions, the economy, health institutions, the judiciary, family, and school, among others. The government provides the structures necessary for availing essential services needed by the public. For example, amenities such as schools and education are a provision of government. Religious institutions (such as church) serve to maintain morals in society and ensure that people uphold acceptable norms of behavior. Economic institutions serve the financial needs of the population while healthcare institutions provide health services to the populace. The judicial systems such as the judiciary and other law enforcement agencies ensure that people maintain law and order, and provide security. Schools teach children and impart good morals in them; this helps in making children citizens who will obey the law (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). Functionalism sees society as basic unit used in analysis, and whose parts cannot be understood in isolation. Rather, the various parts that make up society can be easily understood in relation to how they relate to the entire system, as well as based on how they relate to each other. Thus, the contribution that the parts make to the whole is of central emphasis in functionalism. Functionalists also contend order can be regarded as the condition that dominates society. Consensus and stability reinforces this order, which means that there should not be conflict resulting from coercion. Failure to meet the functional prerequisites leads to a state of instability/disequilibrium in the entire system. In order for the system to go back to equilibrium, there has to be a state of balance in the dysfunctional parts (Delaney & Madigan, 2009). Advantages One advantage of functionalism is that it provides an understanding of the roles played by the parts of society. The arguments raised by the theory can be termed as factual since every part contributes immensely to the survival of the whole. The other advantage of functionalism is its discussion of the effects of the dysfunction of some parts of society. Based on this, societies can strive to maintain peace, order, and stability in order to avoid imbalance in the system (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). Disadvantages or Critique Functionalism has faced criticism based on its explanation that people within a certain society tend to share common values. This may not be so since some members of society may have formed a subculture that rebels against the values of society. The theory can also be termed disadvantageous because of its explanation that social harmony in society results from social institutions. This ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Sociology theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1402001-sociology-theories
(Sociology Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1402001-sociology-theories.
“Sociology Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1402001-sociology-theories.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sociology theories

Theories of sociology

...Sociology Introduction Sociology is the technical study of community, and it is also a societal science. It utilizes numerous methodologies of experiential exploration and significant investigation to develop a body of knowledge about human, social undertaking. The main aim of many sociologists is to perform studies which might be applied straightforwardly to social guidelines and welfare, while others concentrate preliminarily on sanitization of hypothetical comprehension of societal procedures. Topics vary from micro stages of entity agency and interface to the macro stages of structures and the societal systems. The conventional concentrations of sociology have involved societal...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Sociology: Criminology Theories

...? Criminology theories The body of knowledge which regards criminal activities as social phenomena is criminology. Theories of criminology are crucial in understanding criminality. Criminality entails all matters that have anything to do with breaking the law, making law and reactions that concern law breaking process. Therefore, criminology involves structural arrangements in the society, group roles and other dynamics that affect the society. The film shows what happened in the city of Rio de Janeiro when a bus containing passengers is kidnapped in broad daylight. An armed young man takes bus 174 and threatens to shoot all passengers on board. This occurrence is transmitted live on all Television...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Applying Sociology Concepts and Theories to the Events in the Book

...are experiencing, with regards to embracing certain social structures. In the course of writing this book, the author elaborates on every question raised, thus presenting pleasingly critical, as well as, theoretical discussions, which are interwoven with logic quotes from the youths (MacLeod 2004). These 2 different groups residing in the same neighborhood are also seen discussing issues such as sex, occupations, poverty, race, crime, parents and drugs. Their discussion is presented in a candid form by the author and brought back to the theoretical (MacLeod 2004). Sociology Concepts and Theories Present in Ain’t No Makin It Sociology Concepts Present Poverty Even though, the main...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Sociology Theories in the Movie Avatar

...When one watches Avatar for the first time, it would be extremely difficult to assess the movie based on the various sociological perspectives involved in it. In fact, one would just think about it from the perspective of unscrupulous people fighting against the good people. However, if one were to watch this movie with an awareness of the sociological theories that are involved in it, then he or she would find that it is one of the greatest movies created that addresses quite a number of these perspectives. Among the theories that can be found in this movie are the following social conflict as seen when the human beings attempt to destroy the Navi and take over their...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

CASE STUDY: CAREER /sociology/ theories

...? Career/ Sociology/ Theories Case study plan The two interviewees in this case study will be Ms. Jane Wanaguskinner and Mrs. ParkerJoylin. Ms. Jane is a young woman aged 24 years while Mrs. Parker is an old woman aged 45 years old. Ms. Jane has recently graduated with a bachelor degree in Economics from University of Bangkok Metropolis in 2011. Jane is a resident in Bangkok, and self-sponsored student by her parents. She managed to complete her degree course with a second class upper and has for the past 10 months actively looking for a job. Being an energetic and passionate student, and her parents seeing her getting wasted in Bangkok, her parents decided to take her to Australia to further her...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Application of theories of psycology, sociology in the context of (UK)paramedic practice

...Application of Theories of Psychology and Sociology in the Context of The United Kingdom Paramedic Practice Introduction In emergency medicine or in the pre-hospital context, paramedics are frequently faced with unique situations requiring them to make instantaneous judgments about management strategies appropriate to the patient’s condition. Usually freshly graduated paramedics tend to follow established protocols in decision making. However, with the development of an experiential learning base, their judgments are based on a wider knowledge background. Such decisions regarding interventions drawn from an integration of theory with practice experience, are termed as “professional...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Theories in Sociology

...Theories in Sociology a. Auguste Comte According to Auguste Comte, the contemporary society should be fully studied by researchers so that the problems that are present in the society can be solved appropriately and there can be way outs to these problems. Individualism is the origin of societal disarray, says Comte. Three phases of societal imagination identified by Comte are theoretical stage, metaphysical stage and positive stage. Theoretical stage explains religious heads as the most authentic knowledge providers; metaphysical stage describes philosophers as the chief assistance providers and positive stage illustrates scientific doctrines as foundation for people’s doctrines. b. Herbert Spencer According to Herbert Spencer... . 2. Why...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Timeline and description of Major Theories in Sociology Since 1850

...Timeline and of Major Theories in Sociology Since 1850 Timeline and of Major Theories in Sociology Since 1850 l__________________________ _____l_______________________________________________________________________________________________ 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 |___________________Major Theories ___________| Sociological theories are very important because they play a very big role in determining how different individuals in different societies will live with one another. These theories have been a development from the past ages from which modern theorists have been...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Conformity and Deviance Theories of Sociology in the Comedy Named Go

... Conformity and Deviance Theories of Sociology in the Comedy Named Go Conformity and deviance theories of sociology are relevant in contemporary society as they help understand human behavior and restrictions that influence the how of certain activities and decisions are conducted. The theories depict how society frequently conform or deviate from the expected norms due to social advancements and status as exemplified in the film in "GO". In contemporary society like the one that the film is staged, deviance is any behavior in an individual that violates social norms, and is usually of enough severity to warrant disapproval or condemnation from the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Contemporary Sociology: Applying Theories

...premises that were going on during the civil disorder (Ford, 2015). Charges were filed against the six police officers involved in Gray’s arrest after witnesses and medical reports hinted that the cause of Gay’s death might be homicide. Explaining Freddie Grays death through sociological theories Attempts to understand why the law enforcers and the victim himself behaved in a manner that caused conflict in the social order in the society have not been successful. This is due to the varied interpretations that different individuals present about the events that led to Gray’s death. Among the arguments given to this event is the level of brutality among Baltimore police officers during the arrest. Others...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Sociology theories for FREE!

Contact Us