Sociology Theories Author Institution Theory 1-Functionalism Introduction The functionalism theory refers to a sociological perspective, which describes a society as comprising of different parts. These parts making up society tend to be interrelated, with each of the parts serving certain crucial purposes…
Download file to see previous pages...
Later on, another functionalist, Emile Durkheim advanced the arguments in functionalism through his likening of society with the body of human beings (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). Discussion According to Ferrante & Ferrante-Wallace (2008), functionalism argues that society comprise of various parts, which play a central role in enhancing its survival. The argument of functionalism is that, just like the components of the human body depend on each other, so are the components that make up society. To functionalists, therefore, society is like a system that has various components. Each component must contribute to the wellbeing and the survival of the entire system. Functionalists identify the role played by each of the parts that make up society. Some of the components/parts of society identified by functionalists include the government, religious institutions, the economy, health institutions, the judiciary, family, and school, among others. The government provides the structures necessary for availing essential services needed by the public. For example, amenities such as schools and education are a provision of government. Religious institutions (such as church) serve to maintain morals in society and ensure that people uphold acceptable norms of behavior. Economic institutions serve the financial needs of the population while healthcare institutions provide health services to the populace. The judicial systems such as the judiciary and other law enforcement agencies ensure that people maintain law and order, and provide security. Schools teach children and impart good morals in them; this helps in making children citizens who will obey the law (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). Functionalism sees society as basic unit used in analysis, and whose parts cannot be understood in isolation. Rather, the various parts that make up society can be easily understood in relation to how they relate to the entire system, as well as based on how they relate to each other. Thus, the contribution that the parts make to the whole is of central emphasis in functionalism. Functionalists also contend order can be regarded as the condition that dominates society. Consensus and stability reinforces this order, which means that there should not be conflict resulting from coercion. Failure to meet the functional prerequisites leads to a state of instability/disequilibrium in the entire system. In order for the system to go back to equilibrium, there has to be a state of balance in the dysfunctional parts (Delaney & Madigan, 2009). Advantages One advantage of functionalism is that it provides an understanding of the roles played by the parts of society. The arguments raised by the theory can be termed as factual since every part contributes immensely to the survival of the whole. The other advantage of functionalism is its discussion of the effects of the dysfunction of some parts of society. Based on this, societies can strive to maintain peace, order, and stability in order to avoid imbalance in the system (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). Disadvantages or Critique Functionalism has faced criticism based on its explanation that people within a certain society tend to share common values. This may not be so since some members of society may have formed a subculture that rebels against the values of society. The theory can also be termed disadvantageous because of its explanation that social harmony in society results from social institutions. This
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Sociology theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1402001-sociology-theories
(Sociology Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words)
“Sociology Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1402001-sociology-theories.
The main aim of many sociologists is to perform studies which might be applied straightforwardly to social guidelines and welfare, while others concentrate preliminarily on sanitization of hypothetical comprehension of societal procedures. Topics vary from micro stages of entity agency and interface to the macro stages of structures and the societal systems.
A good theory is one, which is thought provoking and effective in solving and comprehending various problems that we face in our lives. In short, it can be said that a good theory can be applied on our lives. There are many theories that are persuasive and are quite applicable on various situations in our life; however, they are not able to solve all the issues as they see life and its problems with specific point of views.
In addition, a number of writers and publicists have written books on the various social and economic issues that today’s society is undergoing, and despite the fact that a few individuals have paid attention, their efforts are still not enough. Theorists and sociologists have also not been left behind in trying to create this awareness.
However, if one were to watch this movie with an awareness of the sociological theories that are involved in it, then he or she would find that it is one of the greatest movies created that addresses quite a number of these perspectives. Among the theories that can be found in this movie are the following social conflict as seen when the human beings attempt to destroy the Navi and take over their planet, cultural superiority (racism), among others.
Jane is a resident in Bangkok, and self-sponsored student by her parents. She managed to complete her degree course with a second class upper and has for the past 10 months actively looking for a job. Being an energetic and passionate student, and her parents seeing her getting wasted in Bangkok, her parents decided to take her to Australia to further her academics by doing a master’s program in Economics.
However, with the development of an experiential learning base, their judgments are based on a wider knowledge background. Such decisions regarding interventions drawn from an integration of theory with practice experience, are termed as
The researcher of this paper aims to analyze expressionism and it's characteristics. The disillusionment was combined with a new emotional awareness. Expressionism Art depicted the extreme emotions of the time. Vivid colors, rough textures, and exaggerated lines literally expressed the artist’s emotion.
his research paper will therefore be aimed at analyzing some of the major contributions of sociological theories and how such contributions have been very important to the society. This has been done by enumerating a number of persons who have brought about specific
Eyewitnesses testified that the police involved in Gray’s arrest used brutal force during the arrest that might have resulted in spinal injuries (Fantz & Botelho, 2015). Gray’s death led to violent demonstrations by Baltimore residents, compelling
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Sociology theories for FREE!